Arnold J. Toynbee

1889 - 1975

Photo of Arnold J. Toynbee

Icon of person Arnold J. Toynbee

Arnold Joseph Toynbee (; 14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was an English historian, a philosopher of history, an author of numerous books and a research professor of international history at the London School of Economics and King's College London. From 1918 to 1950, Toynbee was considered a leading specialist on international affairs.He is best known for his 12-volume A Study of History (1934–1961). With his prodigious output of papers, articles, speeches and presentations, and numerous books translated into many languages, Toynbee was a widely read and discussed scholar in the 1940s and 1950s. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arnold J. Toynbee has received more than 859,008 page views. His biography is available in 54 different languages on Wikipedia. Arnold J. Toynbee is the 21st most popular historian (up from 22nd in 2019), the 200th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 213th in 2019) and the most popular British Historian.

Arnold J. Toynbee is most famous for his 12-volume work, A Study of History, which is a detailed analysis of the rise and fall of civilizations.

Memorability Metrics

  • 860k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.45

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 54

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.97

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Arnold J. Toynbees by language


Among historians, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 21 out of 341Before him are Saxo Grammaticus, Mircea Eliade, Cassius Dio, Manetho, Fernand Braudel, and Johann Joachim Winckelmann. After him are Leopold von Ranke, Johan Huizinga, Hecataeus of Miletus, Jacob Burckhardt, Bede, and Edward Gibbon.

Most Popular Historians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1889, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 11Before him are António de Oliveira Salazar, Jean Cocteau, Edwin Hubble, Jawaharlal Nehru, Ante Pavelić, and Anna Akhmatova. After him are Vaslav Nijinsky, Igor Sikorsky, Idris of Libya, Manuel II of Portugal, Carl von Ossietzky, and Gabriel Marcel. Among people deceased in 1975, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 13Before him are Pier Paolo Pasolini, Ivo Andrić, Otto Skorzeny, Umm Kulthum, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and Mikhail Bakhtin. After him are Josephine Baker, Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Jimmy Hoffa, Saint-John Perse, George Paget Thomson, and Josemaría Escrivá.

Others Born in 1889

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1975

Go to all Rankings

In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 200 out of 6,924Before him are Henry Morgan (1635), John Logie Baird (1888), Laurence Olivier (1907), Ben Kingsley (1943), Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (1846), and William Wordsworth (1770). After him are Stan Laurel (1890), Jason Statham (1967), Harold Wilson (1916), Henrietta of England (1644), James V of Scotland (1512), and William Ramsay (1852).

Among HISTORIANS In United Kingdom

Among historians born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 1After him are Bede (672), Edward Gibbon (1737), Bernard Lewis (1916), Henry Thomas Buckle (1821), E. P. Thompson (1924), C. Northcote Parkinson (1909), Peter Burke (1937), Steven Runciman (1903), Norman Davies (1939), Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800), and Anthony Blunt (1907).