HISTORIAN

Arnold J. Toynbee

1889 - 1975

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Arnold Joseph Toynbee (; 14 April 1889 – 22 October 1975) was an English historian, a philosopher of history, an author of numerous books and a research professor of international history at the London School of Economics and King's College London. From 1918 to 1950, Toynbee was considered a leading specialist on international affairs; from 1924 to 1954 he was the Director of Studies at Chatham House, in which position he also produced 34 volumes of the Survey of International Affairs, a "bible" for international specialists in Britain.He is best known for his 12-volume A Study of History (1934–1961). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arnold J. Toynbee has received more than 962,389 page views. His biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Arnold J. Toynbee is the 18th most popular historian (up from 21st in 2019), the 189th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 200th in 2019) and the most popular Historian.

Arnold J. Toynbee is most famous for his 12-volume work, A Study of History, which is a detailed analysis of the rise and fall of civilizations.

Memorability Metrics

  • 960k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.26

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 55

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.54

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among HISTORIANS

Among historians, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 18 out of 339Before him are Diodorus Siculus, Thomas Kuhn, Manetho, Hecataeus of Miletus, Procopius, and Cassius Dio. After him are Johann Joachim Winckelmann, Mircea Eliade, Fernand Braudel, Leopold von Ranke, Johan Huizinga, and Saxo Grammaticus.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1889, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 10Before him are Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jawaharlal Nehru, António de Oliveira Salazar, Jean Cocteau, Edwin Hubble, and Anna Akhmatova. After him are Ante Pavelić, Vaslav Nijinsky, Idris of Libya, Manuel II of Portugal, Igor Sikorsky, and Otto Frank. Among people deceased in 1975, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 12Before him are Pier Paolo Pasolini, Ivo Andrić, Josephine Baker, Aristotle Onassis, Otto Skorzeny, and Umm Kulthum. After him are Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Mikhail Bakhtin, Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Saint-John Perse, and George Paget Thomson.

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Others Deceased in 1975

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 189 out of 7,765Before him are Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900), Humphry Davy (1778), Henry I of England (1068), Elizabeth Woodville (1437), Mary Boleyn (1499), and Jeff Beck (1944). After him are J. K. Rowling (1965), Mary Tudor, Queen of France (1496), Thomas Newcomen (1663), Roald Dahl (1916), Roger Taylor (1949), and Cat Stevens (1948).

Among HISTORIANS In United Kingdom

Among historians born in United Kingdom, Arnold J. Toynbee ranks 1After him are Bede (672), Edward Gibbon (1737), Bernard Lewis (1916), Henry Thomas Buckle (1821), C. Northcote Parkinson (1909), Peter Burke (1937), Anthony Blunt (1907), Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800), Norman Davies (1939), E. P. Thompson (1924), and Ian Kershaw (1943).