Thomas Kuhn

1922 - 1996

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Thomas Samuel Kuhn (; July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American philosopher of science whose 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom. Kuhn made several claims concerning the progress of scientific knowledge: that scientific fields undergo periodic "paradigm shifts" rather than solely progressing in a linear and continuous way, and that these paradigm shifts open up new approaches to understanding what scientists would never have considered valid before; and that the notion of scientific truth, at any given moment, cannot be established solely by objective criteria but is defined by a consensus of a scientific community. Competing paradigms are frequently incommensurable; that is, they are competing and irreconcilable accounts of reality. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Thomas Kuhn has received more than 1,303,425 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 62 in 2019). Thomas Kuhn is the 13th most popular historian, the 169th most popular biography from United States (down from 145th in 2019) and the most popular American Historian.

Kuhn's most famous work is The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. In this book, Kuhn argues that scientific progress is not linear but rather is characterized by periods of normal science punctuated by revolutions.

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Among historians, Thomas Kuhn ranks 13 out of 341Before him are Xenophon, Josephus, Polybius, Suetonius, Alexis de Tocqueville, and Diodorus Siculus. After him are Procopius, Saxo Grammaticus, Mircea Eliade, Cassius Dio, Manetho, and Fernand Braudel.

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Among people born in 1922, Thomas Kuhn ranks 7Before him are Judy Garland, José Saramago, Yitzhak Rabin, Stan Lee, Christopher Lee, and Pier Paolo Pasolini. After him are Norodom Sihanouk, Franjo Tuđman, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Erich Hartmann, Ava Gardner, and Erving Goffman. Among people deceased in 1996, Thomas Kuhn ranks 6Before him are Baba Vanga, François Mitterrand, Marcello Mastroianni, Tupac Shakur, and Carl Sagan. After him are Marguerite Duras, Krzysztof Kieślowski, Ella Fitzgerald, Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Joseph Brodsky, and René Lacoste.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Thomas Kuhn ranks 169 out of 15,968Before him are John Rawls (1921), Buzz Aldrin (1930), Samuel Colt (1814), Coen brothers (null), Pearl S. Buck (1892), and Dr. Seuss (1904). After him are John Cage (1912), Bernie Sanders (1941), Tom Selleck (1945), Peter Falk (1927), Robert Wadlow (1918), and John B. Watson (1878).

Among HISTORIANS In United States

Among historians born in United States, Thomas Kuhn ranks 1After him are Jared Diamond (1937), Donna Haraway (1944), Richard Sennett (1943), Hayden White (1928), Barbara W. Tuchman (1912), Howard Zinn (1922), Deborah Lipstadt (1947), William H. Prescott (1796), Frederick Jackson Turner (1861), Stephen E. Ambrose (1936), and Natalie Zemon Davis (1928).