Rosa Parks

1913 - 2005

Rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has called her "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to relinquish her seat in the "colored" section to a white passenger, after the whites-only section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Parks has received more than 12,498,988 page views. Her biography is available in 92 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 15th most popular social activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 12M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.20

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 92

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Rosa Parks by language


Among social activists, Rosa Parks ranks 15 out of 426Before her are Martin Luther King Jr., Helen Keller, Guy Fawkes, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Claus von Stauffenberg, and Jean-Paul Marat. After her are Lady Godiva, Aung San Suu Kyi, Gustav I of Sweden, Charlotte Corday, Robert Owen, and Thomas Müntzer.

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Among people born in 1913, Rosa Parks ranks 3Before her are Albert Camus and Richard Nixon. After her are Willy Brandt, Vivien Leigh, Gerald Ford, Jesse Owens, Menachem Begin, Robert Capa, Jean Marais, Paul Ricœur, and Ramón Mercader. Among people deceased in 2005, Rosa Parks ranks 2Before her is Pope John Paul II. After her are Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, George Best, Rinus Michels, Peter Drucker, Arthur Miller, Paul Ricœur, Simon Wiesenthal, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Claude Simon, and Zhao Ziyang.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 85 out of 12,171Before her are Woodrow Wilson (1856), Frank Sinatra (1915), Debbie Reynolds (1932), Kirk Douglas (1916), Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927), and Chuck Norris (1940). After her are Robert Redford (1936), Robin Williams (1951), Edwin Hubble (1889), Tina Turner (1939), Meryl Streep (1949), and Jackson Pollock (1912).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 4Before her are Malcolm X (1925), Martin Luther King Jr. (1929), and Helen Keller (1880). After her are Eleanor Roosevelt (1884), Emily Greene Balch (1867), Angela Davis (1944), Sojourner Truth (1797), Bugsy Siegel (1906), Jane Addams (1860), Edward Snowden (1983), and Betty Ford (1918).

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