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Rosa Parks

1913 - 2005

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Icon of person Rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has honored her as "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to vacate a row of four seats in the "colored" section in favor of a White passenger, once the "White" section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws, and she helped inspire the Black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Parks has received more than 17,253,021 page views. Her biography is available in 99 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 97 in 2019). Rosa Parks is the 18th most popular social activist (down from 15th in 2019), the 106th most popular biography from United States (down from 89th in 2019) and the 5th most popular American Social Activist.

Rosa Parks is most famous for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger.

Memorability Metrics

  • 17M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.18

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 99

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.48

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Rosa Parks by language


Among social activists, Rosa Parks ranks 18 out of 538Before her are Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Jean-Paul Marat, Aung San Suu Kyi, Claus von Stauffenberg, Guy Fawkes, and Robert Owen. After her are Lady Godiva, Gustav I of Sweden, Charlotte Corday, Olympe de Gouges, Irena Sendler, and Bertha von Suttner.

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Among people born in 1913, Rosa Parks ranks 4Before her are Albert Camus, Richard Nixon, and Vivien Leigh. After her are Gerald Ford, Willy Brandt, Menachem Begin, Jean Marais, Robert Capa, Josef Bican, Jesse Owens, and Burt Lancaster. Among people deceased in 2005, Rosa Parks ranks 3Before her are Pope John Paul II and Edward Heath. After her are Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, Peter Drucker, George Best, Claude Simon, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Paul Ricœur, Simon Wiesenthal, Arthur Miller, and Rinus Michels.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 106 out of 18,182Before her are Jim Morrison (1943), Richard Feynman (1918), Michael Douglas (1944), Edwin Hubble (1889), Debbie Reynolds (1932), and Milton Friedman (1912). After her are Barack Obama (1961), Nicolas Cage (1964), Gerald Ford (1913), Douglas MacArthur (1880), Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927), and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 5Before her are Malcolm X (1925), Eleanor Roosevelt (1884), Martin Luther King Jr. (1929), and Helen Keller (1880). After her are Emily Greene Balch (1867), Angela Davis (1944), Jane Addams (1860), Jimmy Hoffa (1913), Bugsy Siegel (1906), Susan B. Anthony (1820), and Jody Williams (1950).