Rosa Parks

1913 - 2005

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Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. The United States Congress has honored her as "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake's order to vacate a row of four seats in the "colored" section in favor of a white passenger, once the "white" section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws, and she helped inspire the black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rosa Parks has received more than 14,967,363 page views. Her biography is available in 97 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 92 in 2019). Rosa Parks is the 15th most popular social activist, the 89th most popular biography from United States (down from 85th in 2019) and the 5th most popular American Social Activist.

Rosa Parks is most famous for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger.

Memorability Metrics

  • 15M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 97

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.48

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among social activists, Rosa Parks ranks 15 out of 544Before her are Henry Dunant, Martin Luther King Jr., Helen Keller, Guy Fawkes, Jean-Paul Marat, and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi. After her are Claus von Stauffenberg, Irena Sendler, Lady Godiva, Thomas Müntzer, Robert Owen, and Olympe de Gouges.

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Among people born in 1913, Rosa Parks ranks 3Before her are Albert Camus and Richard Nixon. After her are Jesse Owens, Vivien Leigh, Gerald Ford, Willy Brandt, Menachem Begin, Robert Capa, Jean Marais, Burt Lancaster, and Paul Ricœur. Among people deceased in 2005, Rosa Parks ranks 2Before her is Pope John Paul II. After her are Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, George Best, Rinus Michels, Peter Drucker, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Arthur Miller, Paul Ricœur, Claude Simon, Rafic Hariri, and Simon Wiesenthal.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 89 out of 15,968Before her are Johnny Cash (1932), James Dean (1931), Bob Dylan (1941), Jimi Hendrix (1942), Debbie Reynolds (1932), and Tina Turner (1939). After her are Henry David Thoreau (1817), Meryl Streep (1949), Bill Clinton (1946), Stan Lee (1922), Charles Bronson (1921), and Michael Douglas (1944).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Rosa Parks ranks 5Before her are Malcolm X (1925), Eleanor Roosevelt (1884), Martin Luther King Jr. (1929), and Helen Keller (1880). After her are Jimmy Hoffa (1913), Emily Greene Balch (1867), Jane Addams (1860), Susan B. Anthony (1820), Angela Davis (1944), Bugsy Siegel (1906), and John Brown (1800).