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Jerzy Grotowski

1933 - 1999

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Jerzy Marian Grotowski (Polish pronunciation: [ˈjɛʐɨ ˈmarjan grɔˈtɔfskʲi]; 11 August 1933 – 14 January 1999) was a Polish theatre director and theorist whose innovative approaches to acting, training and theatrical production have significantly influenced theatre today. He was born in Rzeszów, in southeastern Poland, in 1933 and studied acting and directing at the Ludwik Solski Academy of Dramatic Arts in Kraków and Russian Academy of Theatre Arts in Moscow. He debuted as a director in 1957 in Kraków with Eugène Ionesco's play Chairs and shortly afterward founded a small laboratory theatre in 1959 in the town of Opole in Poland. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jerzy Grotowski has received more than 431,265 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 32 in 2019). Jerzy Grotowski is the 116th most popular film director (down from 113th in 2019), the 139th most popular biography from Poland (down from 132nd in 2019) and the 5th most popular Polish Film Director.

Jerzy Grotowski is most famous for his work in theater, which he called "poor theater." He believed that theater should be an experience for the audience and not just a spectacle for the audience.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

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  • 63.79

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.34

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among film directors, Jerzy Grotowski ranks 116 out of 1,581Before him are Louis Malle, George Cukor, David Fincher, Elia Kazan, Peter Jackson, and Erich von Stroheim. After him are Sam Peckinpah, Lina Wertmüller, John Carpenter, Peter Bogdanovich, Michael Mann, and Michael Cimino.

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Among people born in 1933, Jerzy Grotowski ranks 43Before him are John Barry, Oliver Sacks, Gian Maria Volonté, Bernardo Provenzano, Gene Wilder, and Quincy Jones. After him are Paul J. Crutzen, Richard R. Ernst, Jayne Mansfield, Samora Machel, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, and John Gurdon. Among people deceased in 1999, Jerzy Grotowski ranks 20Before him are Robert Bresson, Wassily Leontief, Georgios Papadopoulos, Petr Shelokhonov, Willi Stoph, and Desmond Llewelyn. After him are Joe DiMaggio, Dirk Bogarde, Akio Morita, Glenn T. Seaborg, Arthur Leonard Schawlow, and Sarah Knauss.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Jerzy Grotowski ranks 139 out of 1,454Before him are Alfred Tarski (1901), Géza I of Hungary (1040), Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg (1767), Władysław Reymont (1867), Władysław I the Elbow-high (1260), and Donald Tusk (1957). After him are Antoni Grabowski (1857), Samuel Reshevsky (1911), Isabella Jagiellon (1519), Maxim Litvinov (1876), Władysław Gomułka (1905), and Erich Mendelsohn (1887).


Among film directors born in Poland, Jerzy Grotowski ranks 5Before him are Krzysztof Kieślowski (1941), Andrzej Wajda (1926), Dziga Vertov (1896), and Fred Zinnemann (1907). After him are Jerzy Skolimowski (1938), Agnieszka Holland (1948), Robert Wiene (1873), Jean Epstein (1897), Krzysztof Zanussi (1939), Walerian Borowczyk (1923), and Jerzy Hoffman (1932).