Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor

1768 - 1835

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis II (German: Franz II.; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he abdicated soon after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon. On 11 August 1804, as a response to the coronation of Napoleon as emperor of the French earlier that year, he announced that he would henceforth assume the title of hereditary emperor of Austria, ruling from 1804 to 1835 as Francis I. He was also king of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor has received more than 1,869,882 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 428th most popular politician.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 73.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.92

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 424 out of 14,801Before him are Hugo Chávez, Frederick I of Prussia, Edward II of England, Benjamin Netanyahu, Artaxerxes I of Persia, and Merneptah. After him are Hafsa Sultan, Shah Jahan, Lothair I, Juan Perón, Henry II of England, and Vladimir the Great.

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Among people born in 1768, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 3Before him are Joseph Fourier and Joseph Bonaparte. After him are François-René de Chateaubriand, Charlotte Corday, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Frederick VI of Denmark, Karađorđe, Jean-Baptiste Bessières, Louis Desaix, Tecumseh, and Caroline of Brunswick. Among people deceased in 1835, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 2Before him is Vincenzo Bellini. After him are Wilhelm von Humboldt, Antoine-Jean Gros, Thérésa Tallien, Édouard Mortier, Duke of Trévise, Auguste, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Catharina of Württemberg, John Nash, Guillaume Dupuytren, François Étienne de Kellermann, and Izabela Czartoryska.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 220 out of 3,282Before him are Enrico Caruso (1873), Arcangelo Corelli (1653), Marie de' Medici (1575), Diodorus Siculus (-90), Cesare Lombroso (1835), and Pope Honorius III (1148). After him are Padre Pio (1887), Artemisia Gentileschi (1593), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Pope Alexander I (100), Pope Celestine III (1106), and Pope Julius III (1487).


Among politicians born in Italy, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 33Before him are Galba (-3), Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (1869), Nerva (30), Otho (32), Lucius Verus (130), and Vitellius (15). After him are Tiberius Gracchus (-163), Valentinian III (419), Sergio Mattarella (1941), Didius Julianus (133), Pertinax (126), and Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519).

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