Joseph Fourier

1768 - 1830

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Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (; French: [fuʁje]; 21 March 1768 – 16 May 1830) was a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series, which eventually developed into Fourier analysis and harmonic analysis, and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's law of conduction are also named in his honour. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph Fourier has received more than 1,050,288 page views. His biography is available in 113 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 111 in 2019). Joseph Fourier is the 18th most popular mathematician (down from 17th in 2019), the 116th most popular biography from France (down from 94th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Mathematician.

Joseph Fourier was a French mathematician who is most famous for his work in the fields of heat transfer and wave propagation.

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Among mathematicians, Joseph Fourier ranks 18 out of 828Before him are Fibonacci, Bernhard Riemann, Al-Biruni, John Forbes Nash Jr., Pierre-Simon Laplace, and Srinivasa Ramanujan. After him are John von Neumann, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Hero of Alexandria, Diophantus, David Hilbert, and François Viète.

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Among people born in 1768, Joseph Fourier ranks 1After him are Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, François-René de Chateaubriand, Joseph Bonaparte, Charlotte Corday, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Frederick VI of Denmark, Karađorđe, Louis Desaix, Jean-Baptiste Bessières, Tecumseh, and Caroline of Brunswick. Among people deceased in 1830, Joseph Fourier ranks 2Before him is Simón Bolívar. After him are George IV of the United Kingdom, Pope Pius VIII, Adam Weishaupt, Benjamin Constant, Francis I of the Two Sicilies, Antonio José de Sucre, Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Thomas Lawrence.

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In France

Among people born in France, Joseph Fourier ranks 116 out of 5,234Before him are Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663), Charles VII of France (1403), Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708), Georges Danton (1759), François Villon (1431), and Nicolas Flamel (1330). After him are Madame de Pompadour (1721), Jacques Lacan (1901), Philippe Pétain (1856), Anatole France (1844), Louis XVII of France (1785), and Alexandre Dumas fils (1824).


Among mathematicians born in France, Joseph Fourier ranks 4Before him are Blaise Pascal (1623), Pierre de Fermat (1601), and Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749). After him are Jean le Rond d'Alembert (1717), François Viète (1540), Évariste Galois (1811), Henri Poincaré (1854), Pope Sylvester II (938), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Sophie Germain (1776), and Marin Mersenne (1588).