Cardinal Mazarin

1602 - 1661

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Cardinal Jules Mazarin (, also UK: , US: , French: [ʒyl mazaʁɛ̃]; 14 July 1602 – 9 March 1661), born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino (Italian: [ˈdʒuːljo raiˈmondo madːzaˈriːno]) or Mazarini, was an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician who served as the chief minister to the kings of France Louis XIII and Louis XIV from 1642 until his death in 1661. In 1654 he acquired the title Duke of Mayenne, and in 1659, 1st Duke of Rethel and Nevers. After serving as a papal diplomat for Pope Urban VIII, Mazarin offered his diplomatic services to Cardinal Richelieu and moved to Paris in 1640. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cardinal Mazarin has received more than 897,381 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Cardinal Mazarin is the 294th most popular politician (down from 279th in 2019), the 137th most popular biography from Italy (down from 133rd in 2019) and the 27th most popular Italian Politician.

Cardinal Mazarin is most famous for being the chief minister of France during the minority of Louis XIV.

Memorability Metrics

  • 900k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.02

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.01

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Cardinal Mazarins by language


Among politicians, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 294 out of 15,710Before him are Alexander II of Russia, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Nerva, Croesus, Sejong the Great, and Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Konstantin Chernenko, Charles VI of France, Elizabeth of Russia, Shimon Peres, Hugh Capet, and Joachim von Ribbentrop.

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Among people born in 1602, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 1After him are Otto von Guericke, Athanasius Kircher, Elisabeth of France, Francesco Cavalli, Philippe de Champaigne, Salomon van Ruysdael, Gilles de Roberval, Amalia of Solms-Braunfels, William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, Mary of Jesus of Ágreda, and Zhu Yujian. Among people deceased in 1661, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 1After him are Shunzhi Emperor, Girard Desargues, Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, Vasile Lupu, Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias, Louis Couperin, Jan Fyt, Andrea Sacchi, George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Zheng Zhilong, and Martino Martini.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 137 out of 4,088Before him are Plautus (-254), Clare of Assisi (1193), Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (1820), Nerva (30), Donato Bramante (1443), and Sergio Leone (1929). After him are Pope Sylvester I (300), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Leon Battista Alberti (1404), Catherine of Siena (1347), Pope Pius VI (1717), and Galba (-3).


Among politicians born in Italy, Cardinal Mazarin ranks 27Before him are Antoninus Pius (86), Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (-600), Sulla (-138), Pompey (-106), Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (1820), and Nerva (30). After him are Galba (-3), Numa Pompilius (-753), Lucius Verus (130), Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (1869), Pertinax (126), and Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1768).