Tongzhi Emperor

1856 - 1875

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The Tongzhi Emperor (27 April 1856 – 12 January 1875), born Zaichun of the Aisin Gioro clan, was the ninth Emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the eighth Qing emperor to rule over China proper. His reign, from 1861 to 1875, which effectively lasted through his adolescence, was largely overshadowed by the rule of his mother, Empress Dowager Cixi. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Tongzhi Emperor has received more than 785,616 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Tongzhi Emperor is the 1,264th most popular politician (up from 1,399th in 2019), the 93rd most popular biography from China (up from 101st in 2019) and the 55th most popular Chinese Politician.

The Tongzhi Emperor was the only emperor in the Qing Dynasty who was not the son of his predecessor. He ascended to the throne at the age of five and ruled for only six years. The Tongzhi Emperor is most famous for his attempts to institute reforms that would have modernized China.

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    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Tongzhi Emperor ranks 1,264 out of 15,710Before him are Elizabeth of Luxembourg, Manuel II of Portugal, Den, Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Sauli Niinistö, and Casimir IV Jagiellon. After him are Ion Iliescu, Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia, David II of Scotland, Stateira II, Alexios III Angelos, and Totila.

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Among people born in 1856, Tongzhi Emperor ranks 14Before him are Louis Sullivan, Archduchess Gisela of Austria, Robert Peary, Emil Kraepelin, Napoléon, Prince Imperial, and Georgi Plekhanov. After him are Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Robert Nivelle, Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Svetozar Boroević, H. Rider Haggard, and L. Frank Baum. Among people deceased in 1875, Tongzhi Emperor ranks 8Before him are Georges Bizet, Jean-François Millet, Ferdinand I of Austria, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Andrew Johnson, and Isaac Singer. After him are Charles Lyell, Éliphas Lévi, John Edward Gray, Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, Moses Hess, and 12th Dalai Lama.

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In China

Among people born in China, Tongzhi Emperor ranks 93 out of 1,186Before him are Qu Yuan (-343), Yang Guifei (719), Fuxi (-2900), 13th Dalai Lama (1876), 2nd Dalai Lama (1476), and Hua Tuo (200). After him are Yang Shangkun (1907), Sun Jian (155), Qin Er Shi (-229), Yuan Shao (154), Emperor Yang of Sui (569), and Wu Cheng'en (1500).


Among politicians born in China, Tongzhi Emperor ranks 55Before him are Jianwen Emperor (1377), Emperor Wen of Sui (541), Shang Yang (-390), Yang Guifei (719), Fuxi (-2900), and 2nd Dalai Lama (1476). After him are Yang Shangkun (1907), Qin Er Shi (-229), Yuan Shao (154), Emperor Yang of Sui (569), Hongxi Emperor (1378), and Emperor Taizu of Song (927).