Yang Shangkun

1907 - 1998

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Yang Shangkun (3 August 1907 – 14 September 1998) was a Chinese Communist military and political leader, President of the People's Republic of China (de jure head of state) from 1988 to 1993, and one of the Eight Elders that dominated the Party after the death of Mao Zedong.Born to a prosperous land-owning family, Yang studied politics at Shanghai University and Marxist philosophy and revolutionary tactics at Moscow Sun Yat-sen University. He went on to hold high office under both Mao Zedong and later Deng Xiaoping; from 1945 to 1965 he was Director of the General Office and from 1945 to 1956 Secretary–General of the Central Military Commission (CMC). In these positions, Yang oversaw much of the day-to-day running of government and Party affairs, both political and military, amassing a great deal of bureaucratic power by controlling things like the flow of documents, the keeping of records, and the approval and allocation of funds. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Yang Shangkun has received more than 517,181 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Yang Shangkun is the 1,295th most popular politician (up from 1,895th in 2019), the 94th most popular biography from China (up from 148th in 2019) and the 56th most popular Chinese Politician.

Yang Shangkun was most famous for his role in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

Memorability Metrics

  • 520k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.12

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 35

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.60

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.40

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Yang Shangkun ranks 1,295 out of 15,710Before him are Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Manasseh of Judah, Herod Archelaus, Philip V of Macedon, Charles III of Naples, and Frederick IV of Denmark. After him are Marwan II, Louis the Child, Eleftherios Venizelos, John II Casimir Vasa, Queen Seondeok of Silla, and Dolores Ibárruri.

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Among people born in 1907, Yang Shangkun ranks 16Before him are Alberto Moravia, Edwin McMillan, Baldur von Schirach, Rachel Carson, Jacques Tati, and Yakov Dzhugashvili. After him are François Duvalier, John Bowlby, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Robert A. Heinlein, Lin Biao, and Horst Wessel. Among people deceased in 1998, Yang Shangkun ranks 10Before him are Halldór Laxness, Jean Marais, Carlos Castaneda, Ernst Jünger, Todor Zhivkov, and Jean-François Lyotard. After him are Niklas Luhmann, Octavio Paz, Alan Shepard, Raymond Cattell, Vladimir Prelog, and Theodore Schultz.

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In China

Among people born in China, Yang Shangkun ranks 94 out of 1,186Before him are Yang Guifei (719), Fuxi (-2900), 13th Dalai Lama (1876), 2nd Dalai Lama (1476), Hua Tuo (200), and Tongzhi Emperor (1856). After him are Sun Jian (155), Qin Er Shi (-229), Yuan Shao (154), Emperor Yang of Sui (569), Wu Cheng'en (1500), and Hongxi Emperor (1378).


Among politicians born in China, Yang Shangkun ranks 56Before him are Emperor Wen of Sui (541), Shang Yang (-390), Yang Guifei (719), Fuxi (-2900), 2nd Dalai Lama (1476), and Tongzhi Emperor (1856). After him are Qin Er Shi (-229), Yuan Shao (154), Emperor Yang of Sui (569), Hongxi Emperor (1378), Emperor Taizu of Song (927), and Emperor Guangwu of Han (-5).