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Yang Shangkun

1907 - 1998

Photo of Yang Shangkun

Icon of person Yang Shangkun

Yang Shangkun (3 August 1907 – 14 September 1998) was a Chinese Communist military and political leader, President of the People's Republic of China (de jure head of state) from 1988 to 1993, and one of the Eight Elders that dominated the Party after the death of Mao Zedong.Born to a prosperous land-owning family, Yang studied politics at Shanghai University and Marxist philosophy and revolutionary tactics at Moscow Sun Yat-sen University. He went on to hold high office under both Mao Zedong and later Deng Xiaoping; from 1945 to 1965 he was Director of the General Office and from 1945 to 1956 Secretary–General of the Central Military Commission (CMC). In these positions, Yang oversaw much of the day-to-day running of government and Party affairs, both political and military, amassing a great deal of bureaucratic power by controlling things like the flow of documents, the keeping of records, and the approval and allocation of funds. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Yang Shangkun has received more than 593,932 page views. His biography is available in 36 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Yang Shangkun is the 1,370th most popular politician (down from 1,293rd in 2019), the 90th most popular biography from China (up from 94th in 2019) and the 59th most popular Chinese Politician.

Yang Shangkun was most famous for his role in the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

Memorability Metrics

  • 590k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.66

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 36

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.42

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.46

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Yang Shangkuns by language


Among politicians, Yang Shangkun ranks 1,370 out of 15,577Before him are Genrikh Yagoda, Tedros Adhanom, Constantine III, Cyrus I, Andronikos I Komnenos, and Adnan Menderes. After him are Jamukha, Mohammed Omar, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Qin Er Shi, Perseus of Macedon, and An Lushan.

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Among people born in 1907, Yang Shangkun ranks 16Before him are Laurence Olivier, Rachel Carson, Alberto Moravia, Yakov Dzhugashvili, Baldur von Schirach, and Jacques Tati. After him are J. Hans D. Jensen, Lin Biao, John Bowlby, Robert A. Heinlein, Frank Whittle, and Nikolaas Tinbergen. Among people deceased in 1998, Yang Shangkun ranks 10Before him are Jean Marais, Halldór Laxness, Todor Zhivkov, Ernst Jünger, Carlos Castaneda, and Jean-François Lyotard. After him are Octavio Paz, Alan Shepard, Niklas Luhmann, Vladimir Prelog, Raymond Cattell, and Konstantinos Karamanlis.

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In China

Among people born in China, Yang Shangkun ranks 90 out of 1,392Before him are Wanli Emperor (1563), Hongxi Emperor (1378), Fuxi (-2900), Shang Yang (-390), Emperor Xian of Han (181), and Toghon Temür (1320). After him are Qin Er Shi (-229), An Lushan (702), Yang Guifei (719), Zhang Heng (78), Tongzhi Emperor (1856), and Soong Ching-ling (1893).


Among politicians born in China, Yang Shangkun ranks 59Before him are Wanli Emperor (1563), Hongxi Emperor (1378), Fuxi (-2900), Shang Yang (-390), Emperor Xian of Han (181), and Toghon Temür (1320). After him are Qin Er Shi (-229), An Lushan (702), Yang Guifei (719), Tongzhi Emperor (1856), Soong Ching-ling (1893), and Emperor Yang of Sui (569).