Lynn Margulis

1938 - 2011

Lynn Margulis

Lynn Margulis (born Lynn Petra Alexander; March 5, 1938 – November 22, 2011) was an American evolutionary theorist, biologist, science author, educator, and science popularizer, and was the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Historian Jan Sapp has said that "Lynn Margulis's name is as synonymous with symbiosis as Charles Darwin's is with evolution." In particular, Margulis transformed and fundamentally framed current understanding of the evolution of cells with nuclei – an event Ernst Mayr called "perhaps the most important and dramatic event in the history of life" – by proposing it to have been the result of symbiotic mergers of bacteria. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lynn Margulis has received more than 723,540 page views. Her biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 89th most popular biologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 720k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.15

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Lynn Margulis by language


Among biologists, Lynn Margulis ranks 89 out of 686Before her are Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Philip Miller, Charles Lucien Bonaparte, Ibn al-Baitar, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, and Edward Tatum. After her are Julius Richard Petri, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, Archibald Hill, Tomas Lindahl, Hugo Gunckel Lüer, and Carl Linnaeus the Younger.

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Among people born in 1938, Lynn Margulis ranks 52Before her are Marina Vlady, Jiří Menzel, István Szabó, José Altafini, Etta James, and Alpha Condé. After her are Anthony James Leggett, J. J. Cale, Tomas Lindahl, Terence Stamp, Bob Kahn, and David Irving. Among people deceased in 2011, Lynn Margulis ranks 36Before her are Manfred Gerlach, John McCarthy, Lucian Freud, Norman Foster Ramsey Jr., Diana Wynne Jones, and Baruj Benacerraf. After her are Alberto Granado, Bubba Smith, Herbert A. Hauptman, Baruch Samuel Blumberg, Tomislav Ivić, and Michael Gough.

Others Born in 1938

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Others Deceased in 2011

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 925 out of 12,171Before her are Adam West (1928), Douglas Fairbanks (1883), George Minot (1885), Charlie Sheen (1965), Harry Dean Stanton (1926), and James Jones (1921). After her are Tom Waits (1949), Lance Henriksen (1940), Nancy Pelosi (1940), Mark Zuckerberg (1984), Barry Seal (1939), and Larry Flynt (1942).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United States

Among biologists born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 11Before her are Rachel Carson (1907), Irwin Rose (1926), George Beadle (1903), Paul Greengard (1925), Hermann Joseph Muller (1890), and Edward Tatum (1909). After her are Alfred Hershey (1908), George Davis Snell (1903), Thomas Huckle Weller (1915), John Franklin Enders (1897), Linda B. Buck (1947), and Joshua Lederberg (1925).