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Lynn Margulis

1938 - 2011

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Lynn Margulis (born Lynn Petra Alexander; March 5, 1938 – November 22, 2011) was an American evolutionary biologist, and was the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Historian Jan Sapp has said that "Lynn Margulis's name is as synonymous with symbiosis as Charles Darwin's is with evolution." In particular, Margulis transformed and fundamentally framed current understanding of the evolution of cells with nuclei – an event Ernst Mayr called "perhaps the most important and dramatic event in the history of life" – by proposing it to have been the result of symbiotic mergers of bacteria. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lynn Margulis has received more than 1,063,587 page views. Her biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Lynn Margulis is the 67th most popular biologist (up from 76th in 2019), the 858th most popular biography from United States (up from 908th in 2019) and the 10th most popular American Biologist.

Lynn Margulis is most famous for her work in helping to develop the theory of symbiogenesis, which states that the organelles in cells are actually the descendants of bacteria that were engulfed by a cell and became symbiotic with it.

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  • 1.1M

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  • 63.23

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.85

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.30

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Lynn Margulis ranks 67 out of 841Before her are George Beadle, Max Theiler, John Edward Gray, Herman Boerhaave, Alexander Oparin, and John Franklin Enders. After her are Irwin Rose, Jules A. Hoffmann, Roger Guillemin, Dmitri Ivanovsky, Daniel Bovet, and Philip Miller.

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Among people born in 1938, Lynn Margulis ranks 52Before her are David Irving, Viktor Chernomyrdin, Jiří Menzel, Raymond Carver, Brian Dennehy, and Ian Stewart. After her are Tomas Lindahl, César Luis Menotti, István Szabó, Manuel Santana, Elliott Gould, and Ayaz Mutallibov. Among people deceased in 2011, Lynn Margulis ranks 30Before her are Willard Boyle, Sidney Lumet, John Barry, Necmettin Erbakan, Norman Foster Ramsey Jr., and Christa Wolf. After her are Manfred Gerlach, Diana Wynne Jones, Herbert A. Hauptman, Simon van der Meer, Zdeněk Miler, and John McCarthy.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 858 out of 18,182Before her are John Lee Hooker (1917), Paul Allen (1953), Samuel Barber (1910), Alan Arkin (1934), Bill Bixby (1934), and John J. Pershing (1860). After her are Jason Robards (1922), Kris Kristofferson (1936), John Lithgow (1945), John Archibald Wheeler (1911), Robert Venturi (1925), and James Woods (1947).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United States

Among biologists born in United States, Lynn Margulis ranks 10Before her are Barbara McClintock (1902), Dian Fossey (1932), Hermann Joseph Muller (1890), Linda B. Buck (1947), George Beadle (1903), and John Franklin Enders (1897). After her are Irwin Rose (1926), Alfred Hershey (1908), E. O. Wilson (1929), Thomas Huckle Weller (1915), Sylvia Earle (1935), and George Davis Snell (1903).