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Jules A. Hoffmann

1941 - Today

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Jules Alphonse Nicolas Hoffmann (French pronunciation: [ʒyl ɔfman]; born 2 August 1941) is a Luxembourg-born French biologist. During his youth, growing up in Luxembourg, he developed a strong interest in insects under the influence of his father, Jos Hoffmann. This eventually resulted in the younger Hoffmann's dedication to the field of biology using insects as model organisms. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Jules A. Hoffmann has received more than 149,086 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Jules A. Hoffmann is the 68th most popular biologist (up from 84th in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Luxembourg (up from 10th in 2019) and the most popular Luxembourger Biologist.

Hoffmann is most famous for his work in the field of immunology. He was the first to observe that the body's immune system is composed of two parts: the humoral immunity, which is based on antibodies, and the cellular immunity, which is based on the white blood cells.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.09

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Jules A. Hoffmanns by language


Among biologists, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 68 out of 841Before him are John Edward Gray, Herman Boerhaave, Alexander Oparin, John Franklin Enders, Lynn Margulis, and Irwin Rose. After him are Roger Guillemin, Dmitri Ivanovsky, Daniel Bovet, Philip Miller, Tomas Lindahl, and Julian Huxley.

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Among people born in 1941, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 56Before him are Michael D. Higgins, Eric Burdon, Ivan Gašparovič, Mahmoud Darwish, Ritchie Valens, and Jordi Savall. After him are Abdelkader Bensalah, Roberto Carlos, Frank Farian, Dan Shechtman, Otis Redding, and Pete Best.

Others Born in 1941

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In Luxembourg

Among people born in Luxembourg, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 9 out of 79Before him are Gabriel Lippmann (1845), Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955), Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896), Jean-Claude Juncker (1954), Étienne Lenoir (1822), and Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1921). After him are Jacques Santer (1937), Ernst von Mansfeld (1580), Gaston Thorn (1928), Hugo Gernsback (1884), Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1894), and Edward Steichen (1879).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Luxembourg

Among biologists born in Luxembourg, Jules A. Hoffmann ranks 1After him are Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz (1722).