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With 1,097 biographies, Biologists are the 18th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Composers, Noblemen, and Philosophers.


Pantheon has 1,097 people classified as biologists born between 1166 and 2000. Of these 1,097, 130 (11.85%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living biologists include James Watson, Richard Dawkins, and Yoshinori Ohsumi. The most famous deceased biologists include Charles Darwin, Carl Linnaeus, and Gregor Mendel. As of April 2024, 133 new biologists have been added to Pantheon including Katherine Oppenheimer, Georg von Langsdorff, and Dmitry Belyayev.

Living Biologists

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Deceased Biologists

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Newly Added Biologists (2024)

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Most biologists were born in Germany (194), United States (191), and United Kingdom (190). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (32), New York City (25), and London (21).The most common death places of biologists were United Kingdom (176), United States (162), and Germany (153). By city, these were Paris (66), London (52), and Berlin (35).

Places Over Time

The earliest biographies classified as biologists in Pantheon are Alessandra Giliani, Ibn al-Baitar, and Abu al-Abbas al-Nabati.  The concentration of biologists was largest during the Newspaper Era, which lasted from 1700 to 1899. Some birth or death locations for earlier biologists are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.


Which Biologists were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Biologists since 1700.