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John J. Pershing

1860 - 1948

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General of the Armies John Joseph Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948), nicknamed "Black Jack", was a senior United States Army officer. He served most famously as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front during World War I, from 1917 to 1918. In addition to leading the AEF to victory in World War I, Pershing notably served as a mentor to many in the generation of generals who led the United States Army during World War II, including George C. Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, Lesley J. McNair, George S. Patton and Douglas MacArthur.During his command in World War I, Pershing rejected British and French demands that American forces be integrated with their armies, essentially as replacement units, and insisted that the AEF would operate as a single unit under his command, although some American divisions fought under British command, notably in the Battle of Hamel and the breaching of the Hindenburg Line at St Quentin Canal, precipitating the final German collapse. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John J. Pershing has received more than 4,715,707 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia. John J. Pershing is the 296th most popular military personnel (up from 308th in 2019), the 857th most popular biography from United States (up from 878th in 2019) and the 11th most popular American Military Personnel.

John J. Pershing is most famous for his leadership in World War I, where he led the American Expeditionary Forces to victory over Germany.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.7M

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  • 63.26

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.42

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, John J. Pershing ranks 296 out of 1,468Before him are Qasem Soleimani, François Christophe de Kellermann, Hans-Joachim Marseille, Götz von Berlichingen, Toyotomi Hideyori, and Alexander Yegorov. After him are Emilio De Bono, Juan Pujol García, Alexander Löhr, Dmitry Yazov, Arthur Nebe, and Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf.

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Among people born in 1860, John J. Pershing ranks 24Before him are Anders Zorn, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Ignacy Jan Paderewski, René Lalique, Hugo Wolf, and Princess Charlotte of Prussia. After him are William Kemmler, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, Louis Wain, Ernest Thompson Seton, Otto Jespersen, and Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. Among people deceased in 1948, John J. Pershing ranks 27Before him are Maria Mandl, Arthur Liebehenschel, Jan Masaryk, Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Kurt Schwitters, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. After him are Umberto Giordano, Hugo Boss, Iwane Matsui, D. W. Griffith, Tamam Shud case, and Georges Bernanos.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, John J. Pershing ranks 857 out of 18,182Before him are James Hetfield (1963), John Lee Hooker (1917), Paul Allen (1953), Samuel Barber (1910), Alan Arkin (1934), and Bill Bixby (1934). After him are Lynn Margulis (1938), Jason Robards (1922), Kris Kristofferson (1936), John Lithgow (1945), John Archibald Wheeler (1911), and Robert Venturi (1925).


Among military personnels born in United States, John J. Pershing ranks 11Before him are George S. Patton (1885), Chester W. Nimitz (1885), George Armstrong Custer (1839), Paul Tibbets (1915), Matthew C. Perry (1794), and Omar Bradley (1893). After him are Albert Pike (1809), William Tecumseh Sherman (1820), Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821), Stonewall Jackson (1824), Yonatan Netanyahu (1946), and Raymond A. Spruance (1886).