John J. Pershing

1860 - 1948

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General of the Armies John Joseph Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948), nicknamed "Black Jack", was a senior United States Army officer. He served most famously as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) on the Western Front during World War I, from 1917 to 1918. In addition to leading the AEF to victory in World War I, Pershing notably served as a mentor to many in the generation of generals who led the United States Army during World War II, including George C. Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, Lesley J. McNair, George S. Patton and Douglas MacArthur.During his command in World War I, Pershing rejected British and French demands that American forces be integrated with their armies, essentially as replacement units, and insisted that the AEF would operate as a single unit under his command, although some American divisions fought under British command, notably in the Battle of Hamel and the breaching of the Hindenburg Line at St Quentin Canal, precipitating the final German collapse. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John J. Pershing has received more than 4,181,112 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 43 in 2019). John J. Pershing is the 308th most popular military personnel (up from 325th in 2019), the 879th most popular biography from United States (up from 891st in 2019) and the 11th most popular American Military Personnel.

John J. Pershing is most famous for his leadership in World War I, where he led the American Expeditionary Forces to victory over Germany.

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  • 4.48

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Among military personnels, John J. Pershing ranks 308 out of 1,466Before him are Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli, Raimondo Montecuccoli, Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, Alexander Löhr, and Pedro de Valdivia. After him are Gan Ning, Otto Kretschmer, Nikolai Yudenich, Yamagata Aritomo, Erasmo of Narni, and Friedrich Dollmann.

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Among people born in 1860, John J. Pershing ranks 23Before him are Hugo Wolf, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, René Lalique, and Jane Addams. After him are Ernest Thompson Seton, Otto Jespersen, Hjalmar Branting, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, Niels Ryberg Finsen, and William Kemmler. Among people deceased in 1948, John J. Pershing ranks 29Before him are Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Arthur Liebehenschel, Prince Aimone, Duke of Aosta, Theodor Morell, Zelda Fitzgerald, and Georges Bernanos. After him are D. W. Griffith, Iwane Matsui, Hugo Boss, Umberto Giordano, Emil Ludwig, and Yoshiko Kawashima.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, John J. Pershing ranks 879 out of 15,968Before him are Jim Lovell (1928), Angela Davis (1944), Ron Perlman (1950), Charles H. Townes (1915), Sheldon Lee Glashow (1932), and Jon Bon Jovi (1962). After him are Woody Harrelson (1961), Michelle Obama (1964), Keith Haring (1958), Roger Wolcott Sperry (1913), Martin Seligman (1942), and Robert Rauschenberg (1925).


Among military personnels born in United States, John J. Pershing ranks 11Before him are Chester W. Nimitz (1885), Robert E. Lee (1807), George Armstrong Custer (1839), Paul Tibbets (1915), Matthew C. Perry (1794), and Omar Bradley (1893). After him are Yonatan Netanyahu (1946), Richard Winters (1918), Raymond A. Spruance (1886), Albert Pike (1809), William Westmoreland (1914), and William Tecumseh Sherman (1820).