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Joseph Lister

1827 - 1912

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Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912) was a British surgeon, medical scientist, experimental pathologist and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery and preventative medicine. Joseph Lister revolutionised the craft of surgery in the same manner that John Hunter revolutionised the science of surgery.From a technical viewpoint, Lister was not an exceptional surgeon, but his research into bacteriology and infection in wounds raised his operative technique to a new plane where his observations, deductions and practices revolutionised surgery throughout the world.Lister's contribution to the fields of physiology, pathology and surgery were four-fold. He promoted the principle of antiseptic surgical care and wound management while working as a surgeon at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary by successfully introducing phenol (then known as carbolic acid) to sterilise surgical instruments, the patient's skin, sutures, the surgeon's hands and the ward. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph Lister has received more than 1,368,335 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 61 in 2019). Joseph Lister is the 65th most popular physician (down from 43rd in 2019), the 405th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 311th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular British Physician.

Joseph Lister is most famous for his work in the field of antiseptic surgery. He introduced the use of carbolic acid (phenol) to sterilize surgical instruments and the operating theater, and to clean wounds.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.05

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 65

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.79

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Joseph Listers by language


Among physicians, Joseph Lister ranks 65 out of 502Before him are René Laennec, Niels Ryberg Finsen, Eugen Bleuler, Emil Theodor Kocher, Herophilos, and Jan Evangelista Purkyně. After him are Herbert Spencer Gasser, James Parkinson, Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Peter Canisius, Hans Selye, and William P. Murphy.

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Among people born in 1827, Joseph Lister ranks 5Before him are Johanna Spyri, Arnold Böcklin, Josef Strauss, and Ellen G. White. After him are Heonjong of Joseon, Francisco Solano López, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia, Marcellin Berthelot, Deodoro da Fonseca, Jyotirao Phule, and John Hanning Speke. Among people deceased in 1912, Joseph Lister ranks 12Before him are Bram Stoker, Frédéric Passy, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Karl May, Thomas Andrews, and Robert Falcon Scott. After him are Lawrence Alma-Tadema, William McMaster Murdoch, William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Gerhard Armauer Hansen, Auguste Beernaert, and John Jacob Astor IV.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Joseph Lister ranks 405 out of 7,765Before him are Robert Fripp (1946), Richard Owen (1804), John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650), Prince Andrew, Duke of York (1960), Jim Clark (1936), and Millvina Dean (1912). After him are Thomas Gainsborough (1727), Thomas Carlyle (1795), Charles Glover Barkla (1877), William Baffin (1584), Richard Wright (1943), and Alan Parker (1944).

Among PHYSICIANS In United Kingdom

Among physicians born in United Kingdom, Joseph Lister ranks 3Before him are Edward Jenner (1749) and William Harvey (1578). After him are James Parkinson (1755), Robert Edwards (1925), Elizabeth Blackwell (1821), Edgar Adrian (1889), John Snow (1813), Niels Kaj Jerne (1911), Frederick Griffith (1879), Mungo Park (1771), and John Langdon Down (1828).