Edward Jenner

1749 - 1823

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Edward Jenner, (17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823) was an English physician and scientist who pioneered the concept of vaccines including creating the smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. The terms vaccine and vaccination are derived from Variolae vaccinae (smallpox of the cow), the term devised by Jenner to denote cowpox. He used it in 1798 in the long title of his Inquiry into the Variolae vaccinae known as the Cow Pox, in which he described the protective effect of cowpox against smallpox.In the West, Jenner is often called "the father of immunology", and his work is said to have "saved more lives than the work of any other human". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Edward Jenner has received more than 2,561,079 page views. His biography is available in 95 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 91 in 2019). Edward Jenner is the 6th most popular physician (up from 11th in 2019), the 45th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 62nd in 2019) and the most popular British Physician.

Edward Jenner is most famous for his development of the smallpox vaccine. Jenner's vaccine was the first to use cowpox, a related virus, as an immunization against smallpox.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.6M

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  • 84.65

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 95

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.29

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicians, Edward Jenner ranks 6 out of 509Before him are Hippocrates, Florence Nightingale, Galen, Paracelsus, and Ignaz Semmelweis. After him are Josef Mengele, Robert Koch, L. L. Zamenhof, Basil of Caesarea, Albert Schweitzer, and Andreas Vesalius.

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Among people born in 1749, Edward Jenner ranks 2Before him is Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After him are Pierre-Simon Laplace, Christian VII of Denmark, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Nicolas Appert, Domenico Cimarosa, Yolande de Polastron, Lorenzo Da Ponte, Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, Daniel Rutherford, and Abraham Gottlob Werner. Among people deceased in 1823, Edward Jenner ranks 1After him are David Ricardo, Pope Pius VII, Louis-Nicolas Davout, Lazare Carnot, Jacques Charles, Edmund Cartwright, Ann Radcliffe, Giovanni Battista Belzoni, Charles François Dumouriez, Abraham-Louis Breguet, and André-Jacques Garnerin.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Edward Jenner ranks 45 out of 6,924Before him are Bertrand Russell (1872), Anthony Hopkins (1937), James Clerk Maxwell (1831), Henry V of England (1386), Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (1900), and William Wallace (1270). After him are John Dalton (1766), Alfred the Great (849), Robert Hooke (1635), Lord Byron (1788), Thomas More (1478), and Sean Connery (1930).

Among PHYSICIANS In United Kingdom

Among physicians born in United Kingdom, Edward Jenner ranks 1After him are William Harvey (1578), Joseph Lister (1827), James Parkinson (1755), Robert Edwards (1925), John Snow (1813), John Langdon Down (1828), Elizabeth Blackwell (1821), Frederick Griffith (1879), Edgar Adrian (1889), Niels Kaj Jerne (1911), and Alan Hodgkin (1914).