335 BC - 280 BC

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Herophilos (; Greek: Ἡρόφιλος; 335–280 BC), sometimes Latinised Herophilus, was a Greek physician deemed to be among the earliest anatomists. Born in Chalcedon, he spent the majority of his life in Alexandria. He was the first scientist to systematically perform scientific dissections of human cadavers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Herophilos has received more than 171,062 page views. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 32 in 2019). Herophilos is the 75th most popular physician (down from 68th in 2019), the 258th most popular biography from Turkey (down from 230th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Turkish Physician.

Herophilos is most famous for his work "On the Nature of Things" in which he argues that the universe is composed of four elements and that all things are made up of these four elements. He also argues that the universe is made up of two opposing forces, one that is light and hot and one that is dark and cold.

Memorability Metrics

  • 170k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.12

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 33

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Herophilos by language


Among physicians, Herophilos ranks 75 out of 509Before him are Cyril of Jerusalem, Frederick Banting, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Aribert Heim, and Hans Selye. After him are Selman Waksman, Jean Nicot, Cornelius Jansen, Hans Asperger, Jonas Salk, and Elias Lönnrot.

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Among people born in 335 BC, Herophilos ranks 1After him are Strato of Lampsacus and Glaucias of Taulantii. Among people deceased in 280 BC, Herophilos ranks 1After him are Chares of Lindos, Lycophron, and Ariarathes II of Cappadocia.

Others Born in 335 BC

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Others Deceased in 280 BC

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Herophilos ranks 258 out of 1,128Before him are Alexander (870), Fatma Sultan (1500), Priscus (410), Gemistus Pletho (1355), Eumenes (-362), and Mehmet Ali Ağca (1958). After him are Beyhan Sultan (1497), Basilios Bessarion (1403), Şah Sultan (1509), Theophanes the Confessor (758), Cleanthes (-330), and Julius Martov (1873).

Among PHYSICIANS In Turkey

Among physicians born in Turkey, Herophilos ranks 6Before him are Galen (129), Basil of Caesarea (329), Nestorius (381), Pedanius Dioscorides (40), and Polycarp (69). After him are Ctesias (-440), Aretaeus of Cappadocia (100), Soranus of Ephesus (98), Asclepiades of Bithynia (-120), Aëtius of Amida (502), and Hulusi Behçet (1889).