Marcellin Berthelot

1827 - 1907

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Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot (French: [bɛʁtəlo]; 1827–1907) was a French chemist and politician noted for the Thomsen–Berthelot principle of thermochemistry. He synthesized many organic compounds from inorganic substances, providing a large amount of counter-evidence to the theory of Jöns Jakob Berzelius that organic compounds required organisms in their synthesis. Berthelot was convinced that chemical synthesis would revolutionize the food industry by the year 2000, and that synthesized foods would replace farms and pastures. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marcellin Berthelot has received more than 135,224 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 38 in 2019). Marcellin Berthelot is the 95th most popular chemist (up from 124th in 2019), the 793rd most popular biography from France (up from 853rd in 2019) and the 14th most popular French Chemist.

Marcellin Berthelot was a French chemist who is most famous for his work in organic chemistry. He was one of the first chemists to identify the composition of benzene and to synthesize it.

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Among chemists, Marcellin Berthelot ranks 95 out of 510Before him are John Howard Northrop, Richard Kuhn, Odd Hassel, Paul Hermann Müller, Gilbert N. Lewis, and Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted. After him are Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Heinrich Otto Wieland, Otto Diels, Ernst Chain, and Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky.

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Among people born in 1827, Marcellin Berthelot ranks 7Before him are Johanna Spyri, Arnold Böcklin, Joseph Lister, Ellen G. White, Josef Strauss, and Francisco Solano López. After him are Heonjong of Joseon, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia, William Holman Hunt, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, Deodoro da Fonseca, and Wilhelm von Tegetthoff. Among people deceased in 1907, Marcellin Berthelot ranks 13Before him are Hector Malot, Henri Moissan, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Alfred Jarry, Asaph Hall, and Giosuè Carducci. After him are Robert I, Duke of Parma, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, Joseph Joachim, Pierre Janssen, Princess Clémentine of Orléans, and Paula Modersohn-Becker.

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In France

Among people born in France, Marcellin Berthelot ranks 793 out of 5,234Before him are Charlotte of Savoy (1441), Jean-Georges Noverre (1727), Louis, Duke of Orléans (1703), Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772), Maurice Druon (1918), and Jean-Pierre Cassel (1932). After him are Roscellinus (1050), Vincent Auriol (1884), Charles Hermite (1822), Jean Sylvain Bailly (1736), Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (1279), and Jean-Baptiste Greuze (1725).

Among CHEMISTS In France

Among chemists born in France, Marcellin Berthelot ranks 14Before him are Victor Grignard (1871), Alfred Werner (1866), Claude Louis Berthollet (1748), Michel Eugène Chevreul (1786), Jacques Monod (1910), and Joseph Proust (1754). After him are Henry Louis Le Chatelier (1850), Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (1763), Louis Jacques Thénard (1777), Jean-Baptiste Dumas (1800), Jean-Marie Lehn (1939), and Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier (1758).