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Samuel of Bulgaria

958 - 1014

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Samuel (also Samuil; Bulgarian: Самуил, pronounced [sɐmuˈiɫ]; Macedonian: Самоил/Самуил, pronounced [samɔˈiɫ/sɐmuˈiɫ]; Old Church Slavonic: Самоилъ; died October 6, 1014) was the Tsar (Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire from 997 to 6 October 1014. From 977 to 997, he was a general under Roman I of Bulgaria, the second surviving son of Emperor Peter I of Bulgaria, and co-ruled with him, as Roman bestowed upon him the command of the army and the effective royal authority. As Samuel struggled to preserve his country's independence from the Byzantine Empire, his rule was characterized by constant warfare against the Byzantines and their equally ambitious ruler Basil II. In his early years Samuel managed to inflict several major defeats on the Byzantines and to launch offensive campaigns into their territory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Samuel of Bulgaria has received more than 462,473 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Samuel of Bulgaria is the 982nd most popular politician (up from 1,719th in 2019), the 135th most popular biography from Turkey (up from 238th in 2019) and the 75th most popular Turkish Politician.

Samuel of Bulgaria is most famous for his conversion to Christianity and his subsequent efforts to convert his people.

Memorability Metrics

  • 460k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.58

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.14

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Samuel of Bulgarias by language


Among politicians, Samuel of Bulgaria ranks 982 out of 15,577Before him are Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Pedro II of Brazil, False Dmitry I, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Louis IV of France, and Emperor Yingzong of Ming. After him are Baldwin I of Jerusalem, Mohammed Daoud Khan, Bolesław I the Brave, Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, Zoë Porphyrogenita, and Phocas.

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Among people born in 958, Samuel of Bulgaria ranks 3Before him are Vladimir the Great and Basil II. After him is Otto-William, Count of Burgundy. Among people deceased in 1014, Samuel of Bulgaria ranks 3Before him are Murasaki Shikibu and Sweyn Forkbeard. After him are Sigrid the Haughty, Bagrat III of Georgia, Brian Boru, Al-Hakim al-Nishapuri, and Rajaraja I.

Others Born in 958

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Samuel of Bulgaria ranks 135 out of 1,301Before him are Balbinus (178), Ephrem the Syrian (306), Apelles (-370), Mausolus (-410), Chrysippus (-281), and Kayqubad I (1188). After him are Simeon Stylites (389), Zoë Porphyrogenita (978), Posidonius (-135), Leo VI the Wise (866), Justinian II (668), and John I Tzimiskes (925).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Samuel of Bulgaria ranks 75Before him are Şah Sultan (1509), Andronikos II Palaiologos (1259), Basil II (958), Balbinus (178), Mausolus (-410), and Kayqubad I (1188). After him are Zoë Porphyrogenita (978), Leo VI the Wise (866), Justinian II (668), John I Tzimiskes (925), John VIII Palaiologos (1392), and Nikephoros II Phokas (912).