Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

1552 - 1612

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Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the Scientific Revolution. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor has received more than 1,043,759 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 63 in 2019). Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor is the 287th most popular politician (up from 293rd in 2019), the 30th most popular biography from Austria and the 11th most popular Politician.

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor is most famous for being the emperor during the Thirty Years War.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 76.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 66

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 287 out of 15,577Before him are Alexander II of Russia, Charles II of Spain, Septimius Severus, Peter III of Russia, Mehmed V, and Philip II of France. After him are Sejong the Great, Konstantin Chernenko, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Vyacheslav Molotov, Hatice Sultan, and Ahmed III.

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Among people born in 1552, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Boris Godunov, Pope Paul V, Vasili IV of Russia, Matteo Ricci, Seonjo of Joseon, Lavinia Fontana, Hans von Aachen, Henri, Prince of Condé, Jost Bürgi, Edmund Spenser, and Petrus Plancius. Among people deceased in 1612, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Sasaki Kojirō, Vasili IV of Russia, Giovanni Gabrieli, Christopher Clavius, Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Federico Barocci, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Karin Månsdotter, Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, and Jodocus Hondius.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 30 out of 1,237Before him are Ferdinand I of Austria (1793), Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1747), Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858), Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640), Romy Schneider (1938), and Johann Strauss I (1804). After him are Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578), Niki Lauda (1949), Egon Schiele (1890), Herbert von Karajan (1908), Friedrich Hayek (1899), and Anton Bruckner (1824).

Among POLITICIANS In Austria