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Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

1741 - 1790

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Joseph II (German: Josef Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; English: Joseph Benedict Anthony Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from August 1765 and sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from November 29, 1780 until his death. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor Francis I, and the brother of Marie Antoinette, Maria Carolina of Austria and Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the union of the Houses of Habsburg and Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor has received more than 2,319,156 page views. His biography is available in 69 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 67 in 2019). Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor is the 186th most popular politician (down from 119th in 2019), the 21st most popular biography from Austria (down from 12th in 2019) and the 7th most popular Austrian Politician.

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor is most famous for his reforms of the Habsburg Monarchy. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. His reign was one of the longest and most successful in Habsburg history.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 78.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 69

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.65

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 186 out of 15,577Before him are Nicholas I of Russia, Orhan, George H. W. Bush, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Kublai Khan, and Alp Arslan. After him are Salman of Saudi Arabia, Donald Trump, Leonidas I, Jawaharlal Nehru, Louis the Pious, and Caracalla.

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Among people born in 1741, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Henry Fuseli, Angelica Kauffman, Peter Simon Pallas, Princess Isabella of Parma, Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, Emperor Momozono, Johann Kaspar Lavater, Jean-Antoine Houdon, Nicolas Chamfort, and André Grétry. Among people deceased in 1790, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 3Before him are Adam Smith and Benjamin Franklin. After him are Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Johann Bernhard Basedow, András Hadik, Mohammed ben Abdallah, Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha, and Jacob Christian Schäffer.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 21 out of 1,237Before him are Stefan Zweig (1881), Erwin Schrödinger (1887), Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1685), Alfred Adler (1870), Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459), and Charles I of Austria (1887). After him are Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma (1791), Johann Strauss II (1825), Ferdinand I of Austria (1793), Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1747), Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858), and Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640).

Among POLITICIANS In Austria