ECONOMIST

Friedrich Hayek

1899 - 1992

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Friedrich August von Hayek ( HY-ək, German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔaʊɡʊst fɔn ˈhaɪɛk] (listen); 8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), often referred to by his initials F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian economist, legal theorist and philosopher who is best known for his defense of classical liberalism. Hayek shared the 1974 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for their work on money and economic fluctuations, and the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. His account of how changing prices communicate information that helps individuals coordinate their plans is widely regarded as an important achievement in economics, leading to his prize.Hayek served in World War I during his teenage years and said that this experience in the war and his desire to help avoid the mistakes that had led to the war drew him into economics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Hayek has received more than 3,222,679 page views. His biography is available in 78 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 75 in 2019). Friedrich Hayek is the 8th most popular economist (down from 7th in 2019), the 35th most popular biography from Austria (down from 31st in 2019) and the most popular Austrian Economist.

Friedrich Hayek is most famous for his work in economics and political philosophy. His most famous work was The Road to Serfdom, which argued that socialism and central planning inevitably lead to totalitarianism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 78

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.85

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among ECONOMISTS

Among economists, Friedrich Hayek ranks 8 out of 315Before him are Adam Smith, John Maynard Keynes, Thomas Robert Malthus, John Stuart Mill, David Ricardo, and Milton Friedman. After him are Vilfredo Pareto, Joseph Schumpeter, Alfred Marshall, François Quesnay, Hjalmar Schacht, and Ludwig von Mises.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1899, Friedrich Hayek ranks 7Before him are Huang Xianfan, Ernest Hemingway, Alfred Hitchcock, Al Capone, Jorge Luis Borges, and Vladimir Nabokov. After him are Frederick IX of Denmark, Yasunari Kawabata, Humphrey Bogart, Lavrentiy Beria, Fred Astaire, and Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia. Among people deceased in 1992, Friedrich Hayek ranks 4Before him are Marlene Dietrich, Isaac Asimov, and Alexander Dubček. After him are Grace Hopper, Willy Brandt, Menachem Begin, John Cage, Astor Piazzolla, Francis Bacon, Mikhail Tal, and Olivier Messiaen.

Others Born in 1899

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Others Deceased in 1992

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Friedrich Hayek ranks 35 out of 1,075Before him are Johann Strauss I (1804), Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (1552), Arnold Schoenberg (1874), Ferdinand I of Austria (1793), Konrad Lorenz (1903), and Niki Lauda (1949). After him are Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858), Herbert von Karajan (1908), Anton Bruckner (1824), Karl Landsteiner (1868), Theodoric the Great (454), and Viktor Frankl (1905).

Among ECONOMISTS In Austria

Among economists born in Austria, Friedrich Hayek ranks 1After him are Karl Polanyi (1886), Rudolf Hilferding (1877), Friedrich von Wieser (1851), Fritz Machlup (1902), and Bruno de Finetti (1906).