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Pope Adrian IV

1100 - 1159

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Pope Adrian IV (Latin: Adrianus IV; born Nicholas Breakspear (or Brekespear); c. 1100 – 1 September 1159, also Hadrian IV) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 4 December 1154 to his death in 1159. He is the only Englishman to have been pope. Adrian was born in Hertfordshire, England, but little is known of his early life. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Adrian IV has received more than 781,306 page views. His biography is available in 72 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 69 in 2019). Pope Adrian IV is the 680th most popular religious figure (down from 631st in 2019), the 597th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 543rd in 2019) and the 12th most popular British Religious Figure.

Pope Adrian IV is most famous for being the first pope to grant England its independence from the Catholic Church.

Memorability Metrics

  • 780k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.23

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 72

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Pope Adrian IVS by language


Among religious figures, Pope Adrian IV ranks 680 out of 2,238Before him are Martin de Porres, Mahākāśyapa, Lydia of Thyatira, Atiśa, Cornelius the Centurion, and Athenagoras of Athens. After him are Émile Benveniste, Erasmus of Formia, Romanos the Melodist, Johann Tetzel, Guru Gobind Singh, and Paulo Miki.

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Among people born in 1100, Pope Adrian IV ranks 11Before him are Pope Honorius II, Pope Lucius II, Pope Celestine II, Pope Innocent II, Albert the Bear, and Suleiman ibn Qutulmish. After him are Sverker I of Sweden, Emperor Qinzong, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, Inge the Elder, Shirkuh, and Antipope Gregory VIII. Among people deceased in 1159, Pope Adrian IV ranks 1After him are Joscelin II, Count of Edessa, Władysław II the Exile, Bertha of Sulzbach, Agnes of Aquitaine, Queen of Aragon, and William I, Count of Boulogne.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Pope Adrian IV ranks 597 out of 7,765Before him are Aubrey Beardsley (1872), Peter Greenaway (1942), Philippa of Lancaster (1360), Dirk Bogarde (1921), Leslie Howard (1893), and Ramsay MacDonald (1866). After him are Malcolm Young (1953), Ann Radcliffe (1764), John Franklin (1786), John Davis (1550), Nick Mason (1944), and Edgar Adrian (1889).

Among RELIGIOUS FIGURES In United Kingdom

Among religious figures born in United Kingdom, Pope Adrian IV ranks 12Before him are Saint Walpurga (710), John Knox (1514), William Laud (1573), Thomas Wolsey (1473), William Tyndale (1494), and John Harvard (1607). After him are John Henry Newman (1801), Willibrord (658), Charles Spurgeon (1834), Frederick Fleet (1887), Saint Malachy (1094), and Reginald Pole (1500).