Muhammad Iqbal

1877 - 1938

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Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Urdu: محمد اقبال; 9 November 1877 – 21 April 1938), was a South Asian Muslim writer, philosopher, and politician, whose poetry in the Urdu language is considered among the greatest of the twentieth century, and whose vision of a cultural and political ideal for the Muslims of British-ruled India was to animate the impulse for Pakistan. He is commonly referred to by the honorific Allama (from Persian: علامہ, romanized: ʿallāma, lit. 'very knowing, most learned').Born and raised in Sialkot, Punjab in an ethnic Kashmiri Muslim family, Iqbal completed his B.A. and M.A. at the Government College Lahore. He taught Arabic at the Oriental College, Lahore from 1899 until 1903. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad Iqbal has received more than 5,016,626 page views. His biography is available in 79 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 76 in 2019). Muhammad Iqbal is the 500th most popular writer (up from 530th in 2019), the 5th most popular biography from Pakistan (up from 6th in 2019) and the most popular Pakistani Writer.

Muhammad Iqbal is most famous for being a poet and philosopher. He is also known for being the first person to translate the Quran into English, and for being a founding member of the All-India Muslim League.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.36

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 79

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.73

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 6.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Muhammad Iqbal ranks 500 out of 5,794Before him are Jules Michelet, Ludvig Holberg, George Eliot, Allen Ginsberg, D. H. Lawrence, and Octavio Paz. After him are Frank Herbert, Ellen G. White, George Steiner, Giorgos Seferis, Héloïse, and Abai Qunanbaiuly.

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Among people born in 1877, Muhammad Iqbal ranks 10Before him are Hjalmar Schacht, Wilhelm Frick, G. H. Hardy, Frederick Soddy, Charles Glover Barkla, and Edgar Cayce. After him are Francis William Aston, Joan Gamper, Louis Renault, Raoul Dufy, Heinrich Otto Wieland, and Kees van Dongen. Among people deceased in 1938, Muhammad Iqbal ranks 18Before him are Karl Kautsky, Robert Johnson, Thomas Wolfe, Carl von Ossietzky, Alexei Rykov, and Genrikh Yagoda. After him are Gabriele D'Annunzio, Mary Mallon, Suzanne Valadon, Osip Mandelstam, Maud of Wales, and Bruno Taut.

Others Born in 1877

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Others Deceased in 1938

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In Pakistan

Among people born in Pakistan, Muhammad Iqbal ranks 5 out of 158Before him are Akbar (1542), Shah Jahan (1592), Chanakya (-375), and Guru Nanak (1469). After him are Bhagat Singh (1907), Porus (-400), Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910), Pāṇini (-500), Benazir Bhutto (1953), and Vasubandhu (400).

Among WRITERS In Pakistan

Among writers born in Pakistan, Muhammad Iqbal ranks 1After him are Vasubandhu (400), Khushal Khattak (1613), Rahman Baba (1632), Amrita Pritam (1919), Krishna Sobti (1925), Tariq Ali (1943), Faiz Ahmad Faiz (1911), Khushwant Singh (1915), Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi (1941), Mulk Raj Anand (1905), and Parveen Shakir (1952).