Pierre-Simon Laplace

1749 - 1827

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Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace (; French: [pjɛʁ simɔ̃ laplas]; 23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827) was a French scholar and polymath whose work was important to the development of engineering, mathematics, statistics, physics, astronomy, and philosophy. He summarized and extended the work of his predecessors in his five-volume Mécanique céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799–1825). This work translated the geometric study of classical mechanics to one based on calculus, opening up a broader range of problems. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pierre-Simon Laplace has received more than 2,375,497 page views. His biography is available in 101 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 100 in 2019). Pierre-Simon Laplace is the 16th most popular mathematician, the 92nd most popular biography from France (down from 83rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Mathematician.

Pierre-Simon Laplace was a French mathematician and astronomer who is most famous for his work on probability theory and the nebular hypothesis.

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  • 4.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among mathematicians, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 16 out of 1,004Before him are Hypatia, Bernhard Riemann, Bertrand Russell, Fibonacci, Pierre de Fermat, and Niels Henrik Abel. After him are David Hilbert, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Henri Poincaré, Joseph Fourier, Hero of Alexandria, and Jean le Rond d'Alembert.

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Among people born in 1749, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 2Before him is Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After him are Edward Jenner, Christian VII of Denmark, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Nicolas Appert, Yolande de Polastron, Domenico Cimarosa, Lorenzo Da Ponte, Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, Daniel Rutherford, and Adélaïde Labille-Guiard. Among people deceased in 1827, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 3Before him are Ludwig van Beethoven, and Alessandro Volta. After him are Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, William Blake, Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, Augustin-Jean Fresnel, Wilhelm Hauff, Maria Theresa of Austria, George Canning, Ugo Foscolo, and Ernst Chladni.

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In France

Among people born in France, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 92 out of 6,770Before him are Louis IX of France (1214), Pope Urban II (1042), Gustave Courbet (1819), Irène Joliot-Curie (1897), Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (1736), and Michel de Montaigne (1533). After him are George Sand (1804), Marquis de Sade (1740), Caracalla (188), Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864), Marcel Duchamp (1887), and Claude Debussy (1862).


Among mathematicians born in France, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 3Before him are Blaise Pascal (1623), and Pierre de Fermat (1601). After him are Henri Poincaré (1854), Joseph Fourier (1768), Jean le Rond d'Alembert (1717), Évariste Galois (1811), François Viète (1540), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Pope Sylvester II (938), Sophie Germain (1776), and Marin Mersenne (1588).