David Hilbert

1862 - 1943

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David Hilbert (; German: [ˈdaːvɪt ˈhɪlbɐt]; 23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943) was a German mathematician and one of the most influential mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including invariant theory, the calculus of variations, commutative algebra, algebraic number theory, the foundations of geometry, spectral theory of operators and its application to integral equations, mathematical physics, and the foundations of mathematics (particularly proof theory). Hilbert adopted and defended Georg Cantor's set theory and transfinite numbers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of David Hilbert has received more than 1,636,596 page views. His biography is available in 114 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 111 in 2019). David Hilbert is the 23rd most popular mathematician (down from 22nd in 2019), the 43rd most popular biography from Russia (up from 45th in 2019) and the most popular Russian Mathematician.

Hilbert is most famous for proving that the set of all real numbers is not countable.

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Among mathematicians, David Hilbert ranks 23 out of 828Before him are Srinivasa Ramanujan, Joseph Fourier, John von Neumann, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Hero of Alexandria, and Diophantus. After him are François Viète, Évariste Galois, Henri Poincaré, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Pope Sylvester II, and John Napier.

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Among people born in 1862, David Hilbert ranks 4Before him are Gustav Klimt, Claude Debussy, and Maurice Maeterlinck. After him are Philipp Lenard, O. Henry, Gerhart Hauptmann, Arthur Schnitzler, Aristide Briand, Joseph Merrick, William Henry Bragg, and Allvar Gullstrand. Among people deceased in 1943, David Hilbert ranks 3Before him are Nikola Tesla and Sergei Rachmaninoff. After him are Isoroku Yamamoto, Karl Landsteiner, Pieter Zeeman, Camille Claudel, Boris III of Bulgaria, Simone Weil, Henrik Pontoppidan, Nikolai Vavilov, and Theodor Eicke.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, David Hilbert ranks 43 out of 2,688Before him are Vladimir Nabokov (1899), Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia (1901), Georgy Zhukov (1896), Yuri Andropov (1914), Valentina Tereshkova (1937), and Alexander II of Russia (1818). After him are Konstantin Chernenko (1911), Elizabeth of Russia (1709), E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776), Boris Pasternak (1890), Andrei Tarkovsky (1932), and Rudolf Nureyev (1938).


Among mathematicians born in Russia, David Hilbert ranks 1After him are Georg Cantor (1845), Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850), Nikolai Lobachevsky (1792), Andrey Kolmogorov (1903), Christian Goldbach (1690), Alexander Friedmann (1888), Leonid Kantorovich (1912), Grigori Perelman (1966), Aleksandr Lyapunov (1857), Andrey Markov (1856), and Igor Ansoff (1918).