New games! PlayTrivia andBirthle.


Pope Sylvester II

938 - 1003

Photo of Pope Sylvester II

Icon of person Pope Sylvester II

Pope Sylvester II (c. 946 – 12 May 1003), originally known as Gerbert of Aurillac, was a French-born scholar and teacher who served as the bishop of Rome and ruled the Papal States from 999 to his death. He endorsed and promoted study of Moorish and Greco-Roman arithmetic, mathematics and astronomy, reintroducing to Europe the abacus and armillary sphere, which had been lost to Latin Europe since the end of the Greco-Roman era. He is said to be the first in Europe to introduce the decimal numeral system using the Hindu-Arabic numeral system. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Sylvester II has received more than 620,479 page views. His biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 71 in 2019). Pope Sylvester II is the 27th most popular mathematician (up from 28th in 2019), the 153rd most popular biography from France (up from 162nd in 2019) and the 8th most popular French Mathematician.

Pope Sylvester II is most famous for introducing the Gregorian calendar, which replaced the Julian calendar.

Memorability Metrics

  • 620k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.81

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.01

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Pope Sylvester IIS by language


Among mathematicians, Pope Sylvester II ranks 27 out of 823Before him are Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Joseph Fourier, Hero of Alexandria, Luca Pacioli, David Hilbert, and Évariste Galois. After him are Srinivasa Ramanujan, François Viète, John Napier, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, Georg Cantor, and Gerolamo Cardano.

Most Popular Mathematicians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 938, Pope Sylvester II ranks 1After him are Romanos II, Sancho II of Pamplona, García Fernández of Castile, and Beatrice of France. Among people deceased in 1003, Pope Sylvester II ranks 1After him are Erik the Red, Pope John XVII, Gregory of Narek, Athanasius the Athonite, Rozala of Italy, At-Ta'i, Herman II, Duke of Swabia, Vladivoj, Duke of Bohemia, and Beatrice of France.

Others Born in 938

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1003

Go to all Rankings

In France

Among people born in France, Pope Sylvester II ranks 153 out of 6,011Before him are Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (1640), Charles V of France (1338), Jean Bodin (1530), Christian Dior (1905), Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord (1754), and Évariste Galois (1811). After him are Jean-François Millet (1814), Guy de Maupassant (1850), Jacques Cousteau (1910), Erik Satie (1866), Charles IX of France (1550), and Charles Baudelaire (1821).


Among mathematicians born in France, Pope Sylvester II ranks 8Before him are Pierre de Fermat (1601), Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749), Henri Poincaré (1854), Jean le Rond d'Alembert (1717), Joseph Fourier (1768), and Évariste Galois (1811). After him are François Viète (1540), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Sophie Germain (1776), Gaspard Monge (1746), Abraham de Moivre (1667), and Marin Mersenne (1588).