Pierre-Simon Laplace

1749 - 1827

Photo of Pierre-Simon Laplace

Icon of person Pierre-Simon Laplace

Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (; French: [pjɛʁ simɔ̃ laplas]; 23 March 1749 – 5 March 1827) was a French scholar and polymath whose work was important to the development of engineering, mathematics, statistics, physics, astronomy, and philosophy. He summarized and extended the work of his predecessors in his five-volume Mécanique Céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799–1825). This work translated the geometric study of classical mechanics to one based on calculus, opening up a broader range of problems. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pierre-Simon Laplace has received more than 1,571,256 page views. His biography is available in 97 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 95 in 2019). Pierre-Simon Laplace is the 16th most popular mathematician (down from 15th in 2019), the 83rd most popular biography from France (down from 71st in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Mathematician.

Pierre-Simon Laplace was a French mathematician and astronomer who is most famous for his work on probability theory and the nebular hypothesis.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 83.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 97

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.77

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Pierre-Simon Laplaces by language


Among mathematicians, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 16 out of 828Before him are Bertrand Russell, Pierre de Fermat, Fibonacci, Bernhard Riemann, Al-Biruni, and John Forbes Nash Jr.. After him are Srinivasa Ramanujan, Joseph Fourier, John von Neumann, Jean le Rond d'Alembert, Hero of Alexandria, and Diophantus.

Most Popular Mathematicians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1749, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 3Before him are Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Edward Jenner. After him are Christian VII of Denmark, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Nicolas Appert, Domenico Cimarosa, Yolande de Polastron, Lorenzo Da Ponte, Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, Daniel Rutherford, and Abraham Gottlob Werner. Among people deceased in 1827, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 3Before him are Ludwig van Beethoven and Alessandro Volta. After him are Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, William Blake, Augustin-Jean Fresnel, Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, Wilhelm Hauff, Maria Theresa of Austria, Ugo Foscolo, Samuel Crompton, and George Canning.

Others Born in 1749

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1827

Go to all Rankings

In France

Among people born in France, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 83 out of 5,234Before him are Marquis de Sade (1740), Pope Urban II (1042), Guy de Maupassant (1850), Octave Mirbeau (1848), Maximilien Robespierre (1758), and Henry II of France (1519). After him are François Rabelais (1494), Louis Philippe I (1773), Francis II of France (1544), Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744), Sarah Bernhardt (1844), and Marcel Duchamp (1887).


Among mathematicians born in France, Pierre-Simon Laplace ranks 3Before him are Blaise Pascal (1623) and Pierre de Fermat (1601). After him are Joseph Fourier (1768), Jean le Rond d'Alembert (1717), François Viète (1540), Évariste Galois (1811), Henri Poincaré (1854), Pope Sylvester II (938), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Sophie Germain (1776), and Marin Mersenne (1588).