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Gaspard Monge

1746 - 1818

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Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (9 May 1746 – 28 July 1818) was a French mathematician, commonly presented as the inventor of descriptive geometry, (the mathematical basis of) technical drawing, and the father of differential geometry. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gaspard Monge has received more than 287,628 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Gaspard Monge is the 55th most popular mathematician (up from 72nd in 2019), the 398th most popular biography from France (up from 462nd in 2019) and the 12th most popular French Mathematician.

Gaspard Monge is most famous for his work on differential geometry and his invention of descriptive geometry.

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Among mathematicians, Gaspard Monge ranks 55 out of 823Before him are Norbert Wiener, Sir George Stokes, 1st Baronet, Philolaus, Karl Weierstrass, Sofia Kovalevskaya, and Nikolai Lobachevsky. After him are Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani, Abraham de Moivre, Brahmagupta, Al-Battani, Marin Mersenne, and August Ferdinand Möbius.

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Among people born in 1746, Gaspard Monge ranks 6Before him are Francisco Goya, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Tadeusz Kościuszko, Carlo Buonaparte, and Gustav III of Sweden. After him are Giuseppe Piazzi, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria, Maurice Benyovszky, William Jones, Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, and Giovanni Battista Venturi. Among people deceased in 1818, Gaspard Monge ranks 2Before him is Charles XIII of Sweden. After him are Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Maria Isabel of Braganza, Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Charles, Grand Duke of Baden, Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé, Alexandre Pétion, Warren Hastings, and Johan Gottlieb Gahn.

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In France

Among people born in France, Gaspard Monge ranks 398 out of 6,011Before him are Stephen, King of England (1095), Claude Bernard (1813), Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot (1725), Pierre Bayle (1647), Eugène François Vidocq (1775), and Paul Éluard (1895). After him are Anouk Aimée (1932), Allan Kardec (1804), Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse (1045), Jacques Prévert (1900), Jean-Louis Trintignant (1930), and Margaret of Anjou (1430).


Among mathematicians born in France, Gaspard Monge ranks 12Before him are Joseph Fourier (1768), Évariste Galois (1811), Pope Sylvester II (938), François Viète (1540), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), and Sophie Germain (1776). After him are Abraham de Moivre (1667), Marin Mersenne (1588), Urbain Le Verrier (1811), Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728), Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752), and Guillaume de l'Hôpital (1661).