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Gershom Scholem

1897 - 1982

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Gershom Scholem (Hebrew: גֵרְשׁׂם שָׁלוֹם) (5 December 1897 – 21 February 1982), was a German-born Israeli philosopher and historian. Widely regarded as the founder of modern academic study of the Kabbalah, Scholem was appointed the first professor of Jewish mysticism at Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Scholem is acknowledged as the single most significant figure in the recovery, collection, annotation, and registration into rigorous Jewish scholarship of the canonical bibliography of mysticism and scriptural commentary that runs through its primordial phase in the Sefer Yetzirah, its inauguration in the Bahir, its exegesis in the Pardes and the Zohar to its cosmogonic, apocalyptic climax in Isaac Luria's Ein Sof that is known collectively as Kabbalah.After generations of demoralization and assimilation in the European enlightenment, the disappointment of messianic hopes, the famine of 1916 in Palestine, and the catastrophe of the Final Solution in Europe Scholem gathered and reassembled these sacred texts from many of the archives that had been disarranged, orphaned, confiscated under Nazi rule or otherwise washed up in Genizah cataloging the flood of fragments and disordered, decontextualized manuscripts into an annotated and relatively organized sequence of texts available to scholars and seekers within the reception of this tradition. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gershom Scholem has received more than 394,264 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Gershom Scholem is the 378th most popular philosopher (down from 376th in 2019), the 896th most popular biography from Germany (down from 876th in 2019) and the 51st most popular German Philosopher.

Gershom Scholem is most famous for his work in the field of Jewish mysticism.

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Among philosophers, Gershom Scholem ranks 378 out of 1,081Before him are H. L. A. Hart, Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples, Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Gennadius Scholarius, Jean Gerson, and Haji Bektash Veli. After him are John Philoponus, Pierre d'Ailly, Cleobulus, George Santayana, Maurice Halbwachs, and Abu Yusuf.

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Among people born in 1897, Gershom Scholem ranks 44Before him are Paul Delvaux, Margaret Mahler, Plaek Phibunsongkhram, Vlado Chernozemski, Joseph Berchtold, and Erich Wolfgang Korngold. After him are Leonid Govorov, Vasily Sokolovsky, Emil Maurice, Herbert Gille, Dmitry Pavlov, and Georg Wittig. Among people deceased in 1982, Gershom Scholem ranks 46Before him are Walther Wenck, Lee Strasberg, Peter Weiss, E. H. Carr, William Giauque, and Varlam Shalamov. After him are Walter Hallstein, Anna German, Hermann Balck, Vinoba Bhave, Bachir Gemayel, and Philip Noel-Baker.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Gershom Scholem ranks 896 out of 6,142Before him are Wied, Prince of Albania (1876), Hans-Dietrich Genscher (1927), Frei Otto (1925), Gottlob Berger (1896), Engelbert Humperdinck (1854), and Günther Rall (1918). After him are Gerhard von Scharnhorst (1755), Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1671), Sabine Bergmann-Pohl (1946), Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1635), Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1370), and Reinhard Scheer (1863).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Gershom Scholem ranks 51Before him are David Strauss (1808), Moritz Schlick (1882), Hermann Cohen (1842), Wilhelm Windelband (1848), Moses Hess (1812), and Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann (1842). After him are Karl Rahner (1904), Johannes Althusius (1563), Paul Natorp (1854), Christian Thomasius (1655), Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach (1775), and Carl Gustav Hempel (1905).