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Frei Otto

1925 - 2015

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Frei Paul Otto (German: [fʁaɪ ˈʔɔtoː]; 31 May 1925 – 9 March 2015) was a German architect and structural engineer noted for his use of lightweight structures, in particular tensile and membrane structures, including the roof of the Olympic Stadium in Munich for the 1972 Summer Olympics. Otto won the RIBA Royal Gold Medal in 2006 and was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2015, shortly before his death. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Frei Otto has received more than 288,169 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia (down from 46 in 2019). Frei Otto is the 95th most popular architect (down from 73rd in 2019), the 892nd most popular biography from Germany (down from 694th in 2019) and the 9th most popular German Architect.

Frei Otto is most famous for his work in the field of tensile structures. His first major project was the roof of the Munich Olympic Stadium, which was designed to look like a tent and to be supported by air pressure.

Memorability Metrics

  • 290k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.77

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Frei Ottos by language


Among architects, Frei Otto ranks 95 out of 424Before him are Arno Breker, Guarino Guarini, Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt, Claude Nicolas Ledoux, Peter Parler, and Peter Eisenman. After him are Luis Barragán, Arata Isozaki, Toyo Ito, Giuliano da Sangallo, Claude Perrault, and Pierre Lescot.

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Among people born in 1925, Frei Otto ranks 63Before him are Jean Tinguely, Ieng Sary, Michele Ferrero, Alain Touraine, Juan Alberto Schiaffino, and Celia Cruz. After him are Dick Van Dyke, Claude Lanzmann, Francisco Álvarez Martínez, Baruch Samuel Blumberg, Hilda Gadea, and Hal Holbrook. Among people deceased in 2015, Frei Otto ranks 52Before him are Pierre Brice, James Horner, René Girard, Michele Ferrero, Fatema Mernissi, and Ben E. King. After him are Marshall Rosenberg, Francesco Rosi, Yoichiro Nambu, Mathieu Kérékou, Louis Jourdan, and Yitzhak Navon.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Frei Otto ranks 892 out of 6,142Before him are Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800), Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (1505), Christoph Martin Wieland (1733), Bruno of Querfurt (970), Wied, Prince of Albania (1876), and Hans-Dietrich Genscher (1927). After him are Gottlob Berger (1896), Engelbert Humperdinck (1854), Günther Rall (1918), Gershom Scholem (1897), Gerhard von Scharnhorst (1755), and Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1671).

Among ARCHITECTS In Germany

Among architects born in Germany, Frei Otto ranks 9Before him are Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886), Peter Behrens (1868), Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781), Gottfried Semper (1803), Arno Breker (1900), and Peter Parler (1330). After him are Leo von Klenze (1784), Albert Speer (1934), Robert Koldewey (1855), Hans Scharoun (1893), Ludwig Borchardt (1863), and Gottfried Böhm (1920).