H. L. A. Hart

1907 - 1992

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Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart (; 18 July 1907 – 19 December 1992) was an English legal philosopher. He was the Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford University and the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford. His most famous work is The Concept of Law, which has been hailed as "the most important work of legal philosophy written in the twentieth century". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of H. L. A. Hart has received more than 630,225 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 27 in 2019). H. L. A. Hart is the 430th most popular philosopher (down from 368th in 2019), the 827th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 733rd in 2019) and the 25th most popular British Philosopher.

H. L. A. Hart is most famous for his theory of legal positivism, which argues that law is created by the sovereign power of the state. Hart's theory is a response to John Austin's theory of legal positivism, which argues that law is created by the sovereign power of the state.

Memorability Metrics

  • 630k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.00

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.52

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, H. L. A. Hart ranks 430 out of 1,267Before him are Ge Hong, Adolf von Harnack, Pierre d'Ailly, Bartolus de Saxoferrato, Hunayn ibn Ishaq, and Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples. After him are Henry Suso, Abul A'la Maududi, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Ronald Dworkin, Antoine Destutt de Tracy, and Giles of Rome.

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Among people born in 1907, H. L. A. Hart ranks 57Before him are Barbara Stanwyck, U Nu, Alexander R. Todd, Zarah Leander, Yoshiko Kawashima, and Alfonso, Prince of Asturias. After him are Altiero Spinelli, Ray Milland, Sigvard Bernadotte, Ernesto Geisel, Miklós Rózsa, and Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. Among people deceased in 1992, H. L. A. Hart ranks 39Before him are John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer, Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich of Russia, Lev Gumilyov, César Manrique, Denny Hulme, and Samuel Reshevsky. After him are Sam Walton, Mohamed Boudiaf, Jean-Claude Pascal, Albert Pierrepoint, Denholm Elliott, and Lella Lombardi.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, H. L. A. Hart ranks 827 out of 8,785Before him are Edward Kelley (1555), Macbeth, King of Scotland (1005), E. M. Forster (1879), William Carey (1761), Edward Whymper (1840), and Peter Cushing (1913). After him are Derek Jacobi (1938), Mairead Maguire (1944), Godfrey Hounsfield (1919), Cliff Williams (1949), Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis (1891), and David Coverdale (1951).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In United Kingdom

Among philosophers born in United Kingdom, H. L. A. Hart ranks 25Before him are A. S. Neill (1883), Francis Hutcheson (1694), John of Salisbury (1110), J. L. Austin (1911), E. H. Carr (1892), and Adam Ferguson (1723). After him are Antony Flew (1923), Alasdair MacIntyre (1929), A. J. Ayer (1910), Paul Grice (1913), Roger Scruton (1944), and Harriet Taylor Mill (1807).