George Santayana

1863 - 1952

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Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás, known in English as George Santayana (; December 16, 1863 – September 26, 1952), was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. Originally from Spain, Santayana was raised and educated in the US from the age of eight and identified himself as an American, although he always retained a valid Spanish passport. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of George Santayana has received more than 1,354,421 page views. His biography is available in 41 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). George Santayana is the 448th most popular philosopher (down from 386th in 2019), the 365th most popular biography from Spain (down from 289th in 2019) and the 18th most popular Spanish Philosopher.

George Santayana is most famous for his quote, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 41

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.16

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.28

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of George Santayanas by language


Among philosophers, George Santayana ranks 448 out of 1,089Before him are Henry Suso, Valentinus, Alain de Lille, Maine de Biran, George Pachymeres, and Peter Sloterdijk. After him are Michel Serres, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Leo Strauss, Vincent of Beauvais, Luce Irigaray, and Francisco Ferrer.

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Among people born in 1863, George Santayana ranks 38Before him are Reinhard Scheer, Essad Pasha Toptani, Leo Baekeland, Mary Jane Kelly, Franz von Hipper, and Charles Spearman. After him are Henry Royce, Archduke Eugen of Austria, Hugo Münsterberg, Annie Jump Cannon, W. I. Thomas, and Felix Weingartner. Among people deceased in 1952, George Santayana ranks 29Before him are Robert Guérin, Sveinn Björnsson, Heinrich von Vietinghoff, Charles Maurras, Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, and Charles Lightoller. After him are Clark L. Hull, Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, John Langenus, Alfred Einstein, Bedřich Hrozný, and Rudolf Slánský.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, George Santayana ranks 365 out of 2,595Before him are Arturo Pérez-Reverte (1951), Emilio Butragueño (1963), Ruy López de Segura (1530), Sergio Ramos (1986), Eusebi Güell (1846), and Ibn Jubayr (1145). After him are Bernal Díaz del Castillo (1492), John of Ávila (1500), Antonio Tejero (1932), Ramiro II of León (898), Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal (1498), and Francisco Ferrer (1859).


Among philosophers born in Spain, George Santayana ranks 18Before him are Francisco Suárez (1548), Arnaldus de Villa Nova (1240), Juan Luis Vives (1492), Francisco de Vitoria (1483), Pompeia Plotina (65), and Nachmanides (1194). After him are Francisco Ferrer (1859), Hasdai Crescas (1340), Luis de Molina (1535), Domingo de Soto (1494), María Zambrano (1904), and Joseph Albo (1380).