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Francisco de Vitoria

1483 - 1546

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Francisco de Vitoria (c. 1483 – 12 August 1546; also known as Francisco de Victoria) was a Spanish Roman Catholic philosopher, theologian, and jurist of Renaissance Spain. He is the founder of the tradition in philosophy known as the School of Salamanca, noted especially for his concept of just war and international law. He has in the past been described by scholars as the "father of international law", along with Alberico Gentili and Hugo Grotius, though some contemporary academics have suggested that such a description is anachronistic, since the concept of postmodern international law did not truly develop until much later. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francisco de Vitoria has received more than 317,177 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Francisco de Vitoria is the 338th most popular philosopher (up from 359th in 2019), the 239th most popular biography from Spain (up from 256th in 2019) and the 14th most popular Spanish Philosopher.

Francisco de Vitoria is most famous for his theory of the just war. He believed that it was not just for a country to declare war on another country for any reason.

Memorability Metrics

  • 320k

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  • 62.90

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Francisco de Vitoria ranks 338 out of 1,081Before him are Timon of Phlius, Otto Neurath, Peter Singer, Bruno Latour, Elena Cornaro Piscopia, and Hwang Jini. After him are Antoine Arnauld, Juan Luis Vives, Jacques Rancière, Edgar Morin, Martianus Capella, and Strato of Lampsacus.

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Among people born in 1483, Francisco de Vitoria ranks 5Before him are Martin Luther, Raphael, Babur, and Ayas Mehmed Pasha. After him are Francesco Guicciardini, Paolo Giovio, Ridolfo Ghirlandaio, Felice della Rovere, Jaime, Duke of Braganza, Gasparo Contarini, and Simon Bening. Among people deceased in 1546, Francisco de Vitoria ranks 6Before him are Martin Luther, Hayreddin Barbarossa, Francisco de Orellana, Meera, and Giulio Romano. After him are Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Petru Rareș, Étienne Dolet, Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Isabella di Morra, and David Beaton.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Francisco de Vitoria ranks 239 out of 2,932Before him are Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona (1114), Hernando de Soto (1500), Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (1402), Kane (1967), Antoni Tàpies (1923), and Joseph of Anchieta (1534). After him are Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain (1726), Juan Luis Vives (1492), Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar (1465), Alonso de Ojeda (1466), Vicente Yáñez Pinzón (1460), and Sancho IV of Castile (1258).


Among philosophers born in Spain, Francisco de Vitoria ranks 14Before him are Ibn Tufail (1110), Miguel de Unamuno (1864), Baltasar Gracián (1601), Francisco Suárez (1548), Arnaldus de Villa Nova (1240), and Abraham ibn Ezra (1089). After him are Juan Luis Vives (1492), Pompeia Plotina (65), Nachmanides (1194), George Santayana (1863), Francisco Ferrer (1859), and Hasdai Crescas (1340).