Ibn Tufail

1110 - 1185

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Ibn Tufail (full Arabic name: أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الملك بن محمد بن طفيل القيسي الأندلسي Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al-Qaisi al-Andalusi; Latinized form: Abubacer Aben Tofail; Anglicized form: Abubekar or Abu Jaafar Ebn Tophail; c. 1105 – 1185) was an Arab Andalusian Muslim polymath: a writer, novelist, Islamic philosopher, Islamic theologian, physician, astronomer, vizier, and court official. As a philosopher and novelist, he is most famous for writing the first philosophical novel, Hayy ibn Yaqdhan. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn Tufail has received more than 211,440 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Ibn Tufail is the 205th most popular philosopher (up from 226th in 2019), the 104th most popular biography from Spain (up from 131st in 2019) and the 8th most popular Spanish Philosopher.

Ibn Tufail is most famous for his philosophical novel, "Hayy ibn Yaqzan" (meaning "Alive, son of Awake"). The book, written in Arabic, tells the story of a man who is raised in isolation on an island and discovers the world through his own observations and reasoning. The book was an early example of philosophical fiction and had a major influence on later European thinkers, including Gottfried Leibniz, Baruch Spinoza, and George Berkeley.

Memorability Metrics

  • 210k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.45

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.44

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.43

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Ibn Tufail ranks 205 out of 1,089. Before him are Benjamin Constant, Rudolf Carnap, Moses Mendelssohn, Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, and Solomon ibn Gabirol. After him are Georgi Plekhanov, Bayazid Bastami, Benedetto Croce, Pelagius, Muhammad Abduh, and Melissus of Samos.

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Among people born in 1110, Ibn Tufail ranks 2Before him is Pope Lucius III. After him are John of Salisbury, Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia, García Ramírez of Navarre, Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Maurice de Sully, Robert de Boron, Bertha of Sulzbach, John Tzetzes, Kaykaus I, and Abraham ibn Daud. Among people deceased in 1185, Ibn Tufail ranks 6Before him are Baldwin IV of Jerusalem, Afonso I of Portugal, Pope Lucius III, Chrétien de Troyes, and Andronikos I Komnenos. After him are Bhāskara II, Emperor Antoku, Richeza of Poland, Queen of Castile, Agnes of Courtenay, John Kinnamos, and Beatrice of Rethel.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Ibn Tufail ranks 104 out of 2,595. Before him are Joaquín Rodrigo (1901), Antonio Banderas (1960), Pablo Casals (1876), Avempace (1080), Pablo de Sarasate (1844), and Solomon ibn Gabirol (1021). After him are Francisco Gento (1933), Francisco Tárrega (1852), José Carreras (1946), Antipope Benedict XIII (1328), Miguel de Unamuno (1864), and Dolores Ibárruri (1895).


Among philosophers born in Spain, Ibn Tufail ranks 8Before him are Averroes (1126), Isidore of Seville (560), Ibn Arabi (1165), Ramon Llull (1232), José Ortega y Gasset (1883), and Solomon ibn Gabirol (1021). After him are Miguel de Unamuno (1864), Baltasar Gracián (1601), Abraham ibn Ezra (1089), Francisco Suárez (1548), Arnaldus de Villa Nova (1240), and Juan Luis Vives (1492).