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Ibn Tufail

1110 - 1185

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Ibn Ṭufail (full Arabic name: أبو بكر محمد بن عبد الملك بن محمد بن طفيل القيسي الأندلسي ʾAbū Bakr Muḥammad bin ʿAbd al-Malik bin Muḥammad bin Ṭufayl al-Qaysiyy al-ʾAndalusiyy; Latinized form: Abubacer Aben Tofail; Anglicized form: Abubekar or Abu Jaafar Ebn Tophail; c. 1105 – 1185) was an Arab Andalusian Muslim polymath: a writer, Islamic philosopher, Islamic theologian, physician, astronomer, and vizier.As a philosopher and novelist, he is most famous for writing the first philosophical novel, Hayy ibn Yaqdhan (The Living Son of the Vigilant), considered a major work of Arabic literature emerging from Al-Andalus. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn Tufail has received more than 325,579 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Ibn Tufail is the 215th most popular philosopher (down from 205th in 2019), the 117th most popular biography from Spain (down from 104th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Spanish Philosopher.

Ibn Tufail is most famous for his philosophical novel, "Hayy ibn Yaqzan" (meaning "Alive, son of Awake"). The book, written in Arabic, tells the story of a man who is raised in isolation on an island and discovers the world through his own observations and reasoning. The book was an early example of philosophical fiction and had a major influence on later European thinkers, including Gottfried Leibniz, Baruch Spinoza, and George Berkeley.

Memorability Metrics

  • 330k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.40

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ibn Tufails by language


Among philosophers, Ibn Tufail ranks 215 out of 1,081Before him are Moses Mendelssohn, Julia Kristeva, Marsilius of Padua, Hasan al-Basri, Proclus, and Diotima of Mantinea. After him are Joseph de Maistre, Chilon of Sparta, Bias of Priene, Slavoj Žižek, Benedetto Croce, and Miguel de Unamuno.

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Among people born in 1110, Ibn Tufail ranks 2Before him is Pope Lucius III. After him are John of Salisbury, Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia, García Ramírez of Navarre, Euphrosyne of Polotsk, Robert de Boron, Kaykaus I, Maurice de Sully, John Tzetzes, Bertha of Sulzbach, and Rostislav I of Kiev. Among people deceased in 1185, Ibn Tufail ranks 7Before him are Baldwin IV of Jerusalem, Pope Lucius III, Afonso I of Portugal, Chrétien de Troyes, Bhāskara II, and Andronikos I Komnenos. After him are Emperor Antoku, Agnes of Courtenay, Richeza of Poland, Queen of Castile, John Kinnamos, Beatrice of Rethel, and Manuel Komnenos.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Ibn Tufail ranks 117 out of 2,932Before him are Ferdinand III of Castile (1199), Vicente del Bosque (1950), Alfonso V of Aragon (1396), Juan Antonio Samaranch (1920), Miguel Primo de Rivera (1870), and Vincent of Saragossa (300). After him are Henry II of Navarre (1503), Seneca the Elder (-54), Pelagius of Asturias (685), Miguel de Unamuno (1864), Manuel Azaña (1880), and Baltasar Gracián (1601).


Among philosophers born in Spain, Ibn Tufail ranks 8Before him are Averroes (1126), Ibn Arabi (1165), Isidore of Seville (560), Ramon Llull (1232), Solomon ibn Gabirol (1021), and José Ortega y Gasset (1883). After him are Miguel de Unamuno (1864), Baltasar Gracián (1601), Francisco Suárez (1548), Arnaldus de Villa Nova (1240), Abraham ibn Ezra (1089), and Francisco de Vitoria (1483).