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287 BC - 212 BC

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Archimedes of Syracuse (; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Archimedes has received more than 8,100,981 page views. His biography is available in 173 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 166 in 2019). Archimedes is the most popular mathematician, the 6th most popular biography from Italy (up from 7th in 2019) and the most popular Italian Mathematician.

Archimedes is most famous for discovering the law of buoyancy and inventing the screw pump.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 91.69

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 173

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 21.17

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.03

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Archimedes by language


Among mathematicians, Archimedes ranks 1 out of 823After him are Blaise Pascal, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Euclid, Hypatia, Bertrand Russell, Al-Biruni, and Bernhard Riemann.

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Among people born in 287 BC, Archimedes ranks 1 Among people deceased in 212 BC, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Xerxes of Armenia.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 6 out of 4,668Before him are Leonardo da Vinci (1452), Marco Polo (1254), Galileo Galilei (1564), Christopher Columbus (1451), and Julius Caesar (-100). After him are Michelangelo (1475), Dante Alighieri (1265), Augustus (-63), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), and Niccolò Machiavelli (1469).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Luca Pacioli (1445), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Archytas (-428), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718), Philolaus (-470), Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), and Lodovico Ferrari (1522).