287 BC - 212 BC


Archimedes of Syracuse (; Ancient Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης, Arkhimḗdēs; Doric Greek: [ar.kʰi.mɛː.dɛ̂ːs]; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered to be the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including: the area of a circle; the surface area and volume of a sphere; area of an ellipse; the area under a parabola; the volume of a segment of a paraboloid of revolution; the volume of a segment of a hyperboloid of revolution; and the area of a spiral.His other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of pi; defining and investigating the spiral that now bears his name; and creating a system using exponentiation for expressing very large numbers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Archimedes has received more than 5,633,136 page views. His biography is available in 165 different languages on Wikipedia making him the most popular mathematician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 91.92

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 165

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 18.74

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.24

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among mathematicians, Archimedes ranks 1 out of 746After him are Blaise Pascal, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Euclid, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Hypatia, Bertrand Russell, Fibonacci, and Pierre de Fermat.

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Among people born in 287 BC, Archimedes ranks 1 Among people deceased in 212 BC, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Xerxes of Armenia.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 7 out of 3,282Before him are Leonardo da Vinci (1452), Marco Polo (1254), Christopher Columbus (1451), Galileo Galilei (1564), Julius Caesar (-100), and Michelangelo (1475). After him are Dante Alighieri (1265), Augustus (-63), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), and Benito Mussolini (1883).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Luca Pacioli (1445), Archytas (-428), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718), Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Philolaus (-470), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), and Lodovico Ferrari (1522).

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