287 BC - 212 BC

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Archimedes of Syracuse (; Ancient Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης; Doric Greek: [ar.kʰi.mɛː.dɛ̂ːs]; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered to be the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including: the area of a circle; the surface area and volume of a sphere; area of an ellipse; the area under a parabola; the volume of a segment of a paraboloid of revolution; the volume of a segment of a hyperboloid of revolution; and the area of a spiral.Archimedes' other mathematical achievements include deriving an approximation of pi; defining and investigating the spiral that now bears his name; and devising a system using exponentiation for expressing very large numbers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Archimedes has received more than 7,119,452 page views. His biography is available in 166 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 165 in 2019). Archimedes is the most popular mathematician, the 7th most popular biography from Italy and the most popular Italian Mathematician.

Archimedes is most famous for discovering the law of buoyancy and inventing the screw pump.

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Among mathematicians, Archimedes ranks 1 out of 828After him are Blaise Pascal, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Euclid, Hypatia, Bertrand Russell, Pierre de Fermat, and Fibonacci.

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Among people born in 287 BC, Archimedes ranks 1 Among people deceased in 212 BC, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Xerxes of Armenia.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 7 out of 4,088Before him are Leonardo da Vinci (1452), Julius Caesar (-100), Galileo Galilei (1564), Marco Polo (1254), Michelangelo (1475), and Christopher Columbus (1451). After him are Augustus (-63), Dante Alighieri (1265), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), and Benito Mussolini (1883).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Fibonacci (1170), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Luca Pacioli (1445), Archytas (-428), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718), Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Philolaus (-470), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), and Lodovico Ferrari (1522).