287 BC - 212 BC

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Archimedes of Syracuse ( AR-kim-EE-deez; c. 287 – c. 212 BC) was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Archimedes has received more than 10,046,531 page views. His biography is available in 179 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 173 in 2019). Archimedes is the most popular mathematician, the 7th most popular biography from Italy (down from 6th in 2019) and the most popular Italian Mathematician.

Archimedes is most famous for discovering the law of buoyancy and inventing the screw pump.

Memorability Metrics

  • 10M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 89.76

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 179

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 15.53

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.23

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among mathematicians, Archimedes ranks 1 out of 1,004After him are Blaise Pascal, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, Euclid, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Al-Biruni, Hypatia, Bernhard Riemann, and Bertrand Russell.

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Among people born in 287 BC, Archimedes ranks 1 Among people deceased in 212 BC, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, and Xerxes of Armenia.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 7 out of 5,161Before him are Leonardo da Vinci (1452), Marco Polo (1254), Galileo Galilei (1564), Christopher Columbus (1451), Julius Caesar (-100), and Michelangelo (1475). After him are Dante Alighieri (1265), Augustus (-63), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), and Giuseppe Verdi (1813).


Among mathematicians born in Italy, Archimedes ranks 1After him are Fibonacci (1170), Luca Pacioli (1445), Joseph-Louis Lagrange (1736), Gerolamo Cardano (1501), Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499), Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718), Archytas (-428), Philolaus (-470), Giuseppe Peano (1858), Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598), and Lodovico Ferrari (1522).