Christopher Columbus

1451 - 1506

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Christopher Columbus (it, lij, ; born between 25 August and 31 October 1451, died 20 May 1506) was an explorer and navigator from Genoa (now part of Italy) who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the wide-scale European exploration and colonization of the Americas. His expeditions, sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, are the first known European contact with the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, and the second widely accepted European contact with the Americas after the Norse colonization of North America five centuries earlier. Scholars generally agree that Columbus was born in the Republic of Genoa and spoke a dialect of Ligurian as his first language. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Christopher Columbus has received more than 23,029,530 page views. His biography is available in 186 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 182 in 2019). Christopher Columbus is the 2nd most popular explorer, the 6th most popular biography from Italy (down from 3rd in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Italian Explorer.

Christopher Columbus is most famous for discovering the Americas in 1492.

Memorability Metrics

  • 23M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 94.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 186

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among explorers, Christopher Columbus ranks 2 out of 405Before him are Marco Polo. After him are Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco da Gama, Amerigo Vespucci, Bartolomeu Dias, Hernán Cortés, James Cook, Roald Amundsen, Ibn Battuta, Zheng He, and Francis Drake.

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Among people born in 1451, Christopher Columbus ranks 1After him are Isabella I of Castile, Muhammad Shaybani, James III of Scotland, René II, Duke of Lorraine, Frederick of Naples, Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence, Kemal Reis, Nicolás de Ovando, and Franchinus Gaffurius. Among people deceased in 1506, Christopher Columbus ranks 1After him are Philip I of Castile, Andrea Mantegna, Yeonsangun of Joseon, Anne of Foix-Candale, Alexander Jagiellon, Sultan Husayn Bayqara, Sesshū Tōyō, Alexander Agricola, João I of Kongo, and Beatriz, Duchess of Viseu.

Others Born in 1451

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Others Deceased in 1506

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Christopher Columbus ranks 6 out of 4,088Before him are Leonardo da Vinci (1452), Julius Caesar (-100), Galileo Galilei (1564), Marco Polo (1254), and Michelangelo (1475). After him are Archimedes (-287), Augustus (-63), Dante Alighieri (1265), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), and Niccolò Machiavelli (1469).

Among EXPLORERS In Italy

Among explorers born in Italy, Christopher Columbus ranks 2Before him are Marco Polo (1254). After him are Amerigo Vespucci (1454), John Cabot (1450), Antonio Pigafetta (1492), Giovanni da Verrazzano (1485), Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778), Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (1852), Sebastian Cabot (1484), Alvise Cadamosto (1432), Bartholomew Columbus (1460), and Niccolò de' Conti (1395).