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Rodolfo Graziani

1882 - 1955

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Rodolfo Graziani, 1st Marquis of Neghelli (Italian pronunciation: [roˈdolfo ɡratˈtsjaːni]; 11 August 1882 – 11 January 1955), was a prominent Italian military officer in the Kingdom of Italy's Regio Esercito ("Royal Army"), primarily noted for his campaigns in Africa before and during World War II. A dedicated fascist and prominent member of the National Fascist Party, he was a key figure in the Italian military during the reign of Victor Emmanuel III. Graziani played an important role in the consolidation and expansion of the Italian colonial empire during the 1920s and 1930s, first in Libya and then in Ethiopia. He became infamous for harsh repressive measures, such as the use of concentration camps that caused many civilian deaths, and for extreme measures taken against the native resistance of the countries invaded by the Italian army, such as the hanging of Omar Mukhtar. Due to his brutal methods used in Libya, he was nicknamed Il macellaio del Fezzan ("the butcher of Fezzan"). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rodolfo Graziani has received more than 770,467 page views. His biography is available in 36 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). Rodolfo Graziani is the 1,378th most popular politician (up from 1,857th in 2019), the 540th most popular biography from Italy (up from 696th in 2019) and the 82nd most popular Italian Politician.

Rodolfo Graziani was an Italian military commander who was most famous for his time as the head of the Italian occupation forces in Libya.

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Among politicians, Rodolfo Graziani ranks 1,378 out of 15,577Before him are Mohammed Omar, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Qin Er Shi, Perseus of Macedon, An Lushan, and Süleyman Demirel. After him are Johan de Witt, Yang Guifei, Mohammed Nadir Shah, Takeda Shingen, Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, and George Tupou V.

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Among people born in 1882, Rodolfo Graziani ranks 26Before him are Edward Hopper, Abd el-Krim, Abdullah I of Jordan, Mohammad Mosaddegh, James Franck, and Zoltán Kodály. After him are Charles Ponzi, Getúlio Vargas, Emmerich Kálmán, Percy Williams Bridgman, Jacques Maritain, and A. A. Milne. Among people deceased in 1955, Rodolfo Graziani ranks 13Before him are Sadako Sasaki, António Egas Moniz, Charlie Parker, Fernand Léger, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, and Alberto Ascari. After him are Helmuth Weidling, Arthur Honegger, Maurice Utrillo, Paul Claudel, George Enescu, and Vasily Blokhin.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Rodolfo Graziani ranks 540 out of 4,668Before him are Pope Zephyrinus (150), Pope Stephen VIII (900), Gianni Rodari (1920), Lavinia Fontana (1552), Beatrice Portinari (1265), and Tibullus (-50). After him are Elena Ferrante (1943), Marsilius of Padua (1275), Octavia the Younger (-69), Pope John XIV (1000), Cosima Wagner (1837), and Giuseppe Piazzi (1746).


Among politicians born in Italy, Rodolfo Graziani ranks 82Before him are Lentulus Batiatus (-200), Trebonianus Gallus (206), Totila (500), Maria Anna of Savoy (1803), Francis I of the Two Sicilies (1777), and Giorgio Napolitano (1925). After him are Octavia the Younger (-69), Philip of Swabia (1177), Charles III of Naples (1345), Louis II of Italy (825), Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily (1782), and Lucius Caesar (-17).