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Johann Heinrich Lambert

1728 - 1777

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Johann Heinrich Lambert (German: [ˈlambɛɐ̯t], Jean-Henri Lambert in French; 26 or 28 August 1728 – 25 September 1777) was a polymath from the Republic of Mulhouse, generally referred to as either Swiss or French, who made important contributions to the subjects of mathematics, physics (particularly optics), philosophy, astronomy and map projections. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Johann Heinrich Lambert has received more than 262,998 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 44 in 2019). Johann Heinrich Lambert is the 83rd most popular mathematician (down from 76th in 2019), the 559th most popular biography from France (down from 478th in 2019) and the 16th most popular French Mathematician.

Lambert was a physicist who is most famous for his law of photometry, which states that the luminous intensity of a light source is inversely proportional to the square of the distance from the source.

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Among mathematicians, Johann Heinrich Lambert ranks 83 out of 823Before him are Augustus De Morgan, Regiomontanus, Alexander Grothendieck, Ctesibius, Friedrich Bessel, and Pappus of Alexandria. After him are Felix Klein, Bonaventura Cavalieri, Paul Erdős, Adrien-Marie Legendre, Alexander Friedmann, and Anthemius of Tralles.

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Among people born in 1728, Johann Heinrich Lambert ranks 4Before him are James Cook, Peter III of Russia, and Joseph Black. After him are Anton Raphael Mengs, Chevalier d'Éon, Niccolò Piccinni, Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, Robert Adam, and Antoine Baumé. Among people deceased in 1777, Johann Heinrich Lambert ranks 1After him are Joseph I of Portugal, Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria, Albrecht von Haller, Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin, Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Johann Andreas Segner, Charles de Brosses, Infante Philip, Duke of Calabria, Maxim Berezovsky, Charles-Joseph Natoire, and Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben.

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In France

Among people born in France, Johann Heinrich Lambert ranks 559 out of 6,011Before him are Léon Walras (1834), Theuderic I (485), René Guénon (1886), Luc Besson (1959), Childebert I (497), and Antipope Clement VII (1342). After him are Ansgar (801), Jacques Hébert (1757), Marie Tussaud (1761), Gaston Bachelard (1884), Paul Sabatier (1854), and Jean-Jacques Annaud (1943).


Among mathematicians born in France, Johann Heinrich Lambert ranks 16Before him are Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Sophie Germain (1776), Gaspard Monge (1746), Abraham de Moivre (1667), Marin Mersenne (1588), and Urbain Le Verrier (1811). After him are Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752), Guillaume de l'Hôpital (1661), Émilie du Châtelet (1706), Siméon Denis Poisson (1781), Pierre Louis Maupertuis (1698), and Jean-Victor Poncelet (1788).