Friedrich Bessel

1784 - 1846

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Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (German: [ˈbɛsl̩]; 22 July 1784 – 17 March 1846) was a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist, and geodesist. He was the first astronomer who determined reliable values for the distance from the sun to another star by the method of parallax. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Bessel has received more than 234,240 page views. His biography is available in 62 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Friedrich Bessel is the 81st most popular mathematician (down from 69th in 2019), the 415th most popular biography from Germany (down from 335th in 2019) and the 13th most popular Mathematician.

Friedrich Bessel is most famous for determining the orbit of the star 61 Cygni and the distance from Earth to the Sun.

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Among mathematicians, Friedrich Bessel ranks 81 out of 823Before him are Andrey Kolmogorov, Richard Dedekind, Augustus De Morgan, Regiomontanus, Alexander Grothendieck, and Ctesibius. After him are Pappus of Alexandria, Johann Heinrich Lambert, Felix Klein, Bonaventura Cavalieri, Paul Erdős, and Adrien-Marie Legendre.

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Among people born in 1784, Friedrich Bessel ranks 5Before him are Ferdinand VII of Spain, Jérôme Bonaparte, Zachary Taylor, and Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. After him are Karl Thomas Mozart, Marie-Antoine Carême, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, Louis Spohr, Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, and Leo von Klenze. Among people deceased in 1846, Friedrich Bessel ranks 4Before him are Pope Gregory XVI, Louis Bonaparte, and Emperor Ninkō. After him are Friedrich List, Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Adam Johann von Krusenstern, Andrew Kim Taegon, Rodolphe Töpffer, Otto von Kotzebue, Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg, and Jean-Gaspard Deburau.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich Bessel ranks 415 out of 6,142Before him are Regiomontanus (1436), Alexander Grothendieck (1928), Louis II, Prince of Monaco (1870), Christian V of Denmark (1646), Erwin Panofsky (1892), and Lothar Matthäus (1961). After him are Julius von Mayer (1814), Frederica of Hanover (1917), Caroline of Baden (1776), Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (1758), Hans Krebs (1898), and Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine (1864).


Among mathematicians born in Germany, Friedrich Bessel ranks 13Before him are Karl Weierstrass (1815), August Ferdinand Möbius (1790), Ludolph van Ceulen (1540), Richard Dedekind (1831), Regiomontanus (1436), and Alexander Grothendieck (1928). After him are Felix Klein (1849), Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi (1804), Christopher Clavius (1538), Hermann Weyl (1885), Ferdinand von Lindemann (1852), and Robert Aumann (1930).