Ibn al-Rawandi

827 - 911

Ibn al-Rawandi

Abu al-Hasan Ahmad ibn Yahya ibn Ishaq al-Rawandi (Arabic: أبو الحسن أحمد بن يحيى بن إسحاق الراوندي‎), commonly known as Ibn al-Rawandi (Arabic: ابن الراوندي‎;‎ 827–911 CE), was an early skeptic of Islam and a critic of religion in general. In his early days, he was a Mu'tazilite scholar, but after rejecting the Mu'tazilite doctrine, he became a freethinker who repudiated Islam and revealed religion. Although none of his works have survived, his opinions had been preserved through his critics and the surviving books that answered him. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn al-Rawandi has received more than 150,044 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 858th most popular philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 50.06

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.34

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ibn al-Rawandis by language


Among philosophers, Ibn al-Rawandi ranks 856 out of 1,005Before him are Frederick Copleston, Arthur Oncken Lovejoy, Charles Renouvier, Tan Sitong, Hemachandra, and Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg. After him are Michel Henry, Ogyū Sorai, Hugo Kołłątaj, Leo Löwenthal, Alfonso Reyes, and Vasily Rozanov.

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Among people born in 827, Ibn al-Rawandi ranks 2Before him is Emperor Montoku.  Among people deceased in 911, Ibn al-Rawandi ranks 4Before him are Pope Sergius III, Louis the Child, and Wifred II, Count of Barcelona. After him are Pietro Tribuno and Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians.

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Others Deceased in 911

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