Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

865 - 925

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Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (full name: أبو بکر محمد بن زکریاء الرازي, Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī), c. 864 or 865–925 or 935 CE, often known as (al-)Razi or by his Latin name Rhazes, also rendered Rhasis, was a Persian physician, philosopher and alchemist who lived during the Islamic Golden Age. He is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of medicine, and also wrote on logic, astronomy and grammar. He is also known for his criticism of religion, especially with regard to the concepts of prophethood and revelation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi has received more than 1,234,376 page views. His biography is available in 84 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi is the 10th most popular physician, the 13th most popular biography from Iran (down from 10th in 2019) and the most popular Iranian Physician.

Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (865-925) was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine. He wrote more than 200 works on a wide range of subjects, of which around 50 have survived. His most famous work is The Comprehensive Book of Medicine, which was translated into Latin and remained a standard medical text in Europe for centuries.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.69

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 84

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razis by language

Over the past year Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi has had the most page views in the with 347,315 views, followed by Arabic (216,863), and Indonesian (61,718). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are (610.00%), Western Punjabi (393.85%), and Latvian (61.90%)


Among physicians, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi ranks 10 out of 726Before him are Florence Nightingale, Robert Koch, Basil of Caesarea, Josef Mengele, Edward Jenner, and L. L. Zamenhof. After him are Andreas Vesalius, Albert Schweitzer, William Harvey, Ignaz Semmelweis, Michael Servetus, and Cesare Lombroso.

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Among people born in 865, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi ranks 1After him are Sancho I of Pamplona, Jinseong of Silla, Theophano Martinakia, and Al-Nayrizi. Among people deceased in 925, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi ranks 1After him are Sancho I of Pamplona, Nicholas Mystikos, and Fruela II of Asturias.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi ranks 13 out of 631Before him are Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Ali Khamenei (1939), Darius III (-380), Harun al-Rashid (766), Ismail I (1487), and Abu Nuwas (762). After him are Jabir ibn Hayyan (721), Esther (-600), Hassan-i Sabbah (1050), Hafez (1325), Ulugh Beg (1394), and Cambyses II (-550).

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Among physicians born in Iran, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi ranks 1After him are 'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (930), Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari (838), Masawaiyh (777), Borzuya (500), and Homa Darabi (1940).