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315 BC - 240 BC

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Arcesilaus (; Greek: Ἀρκεσίλαος; 316/5–241/0 BC) was a Greek Hellenistic philosopher. He was the founder of Academic Skepticism and what is variously called the Second or Middle or New Academy – the phase of the Platonic Academy in which it embraced philosophical skepticism. Arcesilaus succeeded Crates of Athens as the sixth scholarch of the Academy around 264 BC. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arcesilaus has received more than 101,861 page views. His biography is available in 38 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Arcesilaus is the 264th most popular philosopher (down from 253rd in 2019), the 247th most popular biography from Turkey (down from 241st in 2019) and the 17th most popular Turkish Philosopher.

Arcesilaus was a philosopher of the Skeptic school and is most famous for his argument that nothing can be known for certain.

Memorability Metrics

  • 100k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 38

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.89

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.12

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Arcesilaus ranks 264 out of 1,081Before him are Ram Mohan Roy, Hugh of Saint Victor, Ernst Bloch, Carneades, Nicole Oresme, and Alcmaeon of Croton. After him are Otto Weininger, Roger Garaudy, Hans Jonas, Xenocrates, Andronicus of Rhodes, and Julius Evola.

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Among people born in 315 BC, Arcesilaus ranks 2Before him is Theocritus. After him are Aratus and Leonidas II. Among people deceased in 240 BC, Arcesilaus ranks 3Before him are Euclid and Callimachus. After him are Aratus, Zou Yan, and Posidippus.

Others Born in 315 BC

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Arcesilaus ranks 247 out of 1,301Before him are Justin II (520), Philippikos Bardanes (700), Attalus I (-269), Ali ibn al-Athir (1160), Niketas Choniates (1155), and Isidore of Miletus (442). After him are Xenocrates (-396), Theophanes the Confessor (758), Novatian (220), John IV Laskaris (1250), Gregory Thaumaturgus (213), and Eumenes II (-221).


Among philosophers born in Turkey, Arcesilaus ranks 17Before him are Chrysippus (-281), Posidonius (-135), Apollonius of Tyana (15), Proclus (412), Bias of Priene (-600), and Michael Psellos (1018). After him are Xenocrates (-396), Alexander of Aphrodisias (200), Priscus (410), Cleanthes (-330), Thrasymachus (-459), and Heraclides Ponticus (-385).