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214 BC - 129 BC

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Carneades (; Greek: Καρνεάδης, Karneadēs, "of Carnea"; 214/3–129/8 BC) was a Greek philosopher, perhaps the most prominent head of the Skeptical Academy in ancient Greece. He was born in Cyrene. By the year 159 BC, he had begun to attack many previous dogmatic doctrines, especially Stoicism and even the Epicureans, whom previous skeptics had spared.As scholarch (leader) of the Academy, he was one of three philosophers sent to Rome in 155 BC where his lectures on the uncertainty of justice caused consternation among leading politicians. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carneades has received more than 178,498 page views. His biography is available in 36 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Carneades is the 261st most popular philosopher (up from 272nd in 2019), the 12th most popular biography from Libya (up from 13th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Libyan Philosopher.

Carneades was most famous for his defense of the thesis that nothing can be known with certainty.

Memorability Metrics

  • 180k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.25

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 36

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.14

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Carneades by language


Among philosophers, Carneades ranks 261 out of 1,081Before him are Vladimir Solovyov, Prodicus, Francisco Suárez, Ram Mohan Roy, Hugh of Saint Victor, and Ernst Bloch. After him are Nicole Oresme, Alcmaeon of Croton, Arcesilaus, Otto Weininger, Roger Garaudy, and Hans Jonas.

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Among people born in 214 BC, Carneades ranks 1After him is Gaius Cassius Longinus. Among people deceased in 129 BC, Carneades ranks 2Before him is Scipio Aemilianus. After him are Antiochus VII Sidetes, Eumenes III, and Antipater of Tarsus.

Others Born in 214 BC

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Others Deceased in 129 BC

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In Libya

Among people born in Libya, Carneades ranks 12 out of 64Before him are Aristippus (-434), Omar Mukhtar (1858), Callimachus (-310), Idris of Libya (1889), Simon of Cyrene (-100), and Pope Victor I (100). After him are Khalifa Haftar (1943), Synesius (370), Berenice II of Egypt (-267), Lorenzo Bandini (1935), Theodorus of Cyrene (-465), and Theodorus the Atheist (-340).


Among philosophers born in Libya, Carneades ranks 3Before him are Arius (256) and Aristippus (-434). After him are Synesius (370), Theodorus the Atheist (-340), Hegesias of Cyrene (-400), Arete of Cyrene (-400), Anniceris (-400), and Lucius Annaeus Cornutus (10).