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396 BC - 314 BC

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Xenocrates (; Greek: Ξενοκράτης; c. 396/5 – 314/3 BC) of Chalcedon was a Greek philosopher, mathematician, and leader (scholarch) of the Platonic Academy from 339/8 to 314/3 BC. His teachings followed those of Plato, which he attempted to define more closely, often with mathematical elements. He distinguished three forms of being: the sensible, the intelligible, and a third compounded of the two, to which correspond respectively, sense, intellect and opinion. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Xenocrates has received more than 207,322 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Xenocrates is the 268th most popular philosopher (down from 257th in 2019), the 248th most popular biography from Turkey and the 18th most popular Turkish Philosopher.

Xenocrates is most famous for his work on the Pythagorean theorem.

Memorability Metrics

  • 210k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.04

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.76

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Xenocrates by language


Among philosophers, Xenocrates ranks 268 out of 1,081Before him are Nicole Oresme, Alcmaeon of Croton, Arcesilaus, Otto Weininger, Roger Garaudy, and Hans Jonas. After him are Andronicus of Rhodes, Julius Evola, Pherecydes of Syros, Paramahansa Yogananda, William Godwin, and Georges Sorel.

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Among people born in 396 BC, Xenocrates ranks 1 Among people deceased in 314 BC, Xenocrates ranks 1After him is Aeschines.

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Others Deceased in 314 BC

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Xenocrates ranks 248 out of 1,301Before him are Philippikos Bardanes (700), Attalus I (-269), Ali ibn al-Athir (1160), Niketas Choniates (1155), Isidore of Miletus (442), and Arcesilaus (-315). After him are Theophanes the Confessor (758), Novatian (220), John IV Laskaris (1250), Gregory Thaumaturgus (213), Eumenes II (-221), and Eumenes (-362).


Among philosophers born in Turkey, Xenocrates ranks 18Before him are Posidonius (-135), Apollonius of Tyana (15), Proclus (412), Bias of Priene (-600), Michael Psellos (1018), and Arcesilaus (-315). After him are Alexander of Aphrodisias (200), Priscus (410), Cleanthes (-330), Thrasymachus (-459), Heraclides Ponticus (-385), and Gemistus Pletho (1355).