80 BC - 10 BC

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Aenesidemus (Ancient Greek: Αἰνησίδημος or Αἰνεσίδημος) was a 1st-century BC Greek Pyrrhonist philosopher from Knossos who revived the doctrines of Pyrrho and introduced ten skeptical "modes" (tropai) for the suspension of judgment. He broke with the Academic Skepticism that was predominant in his time, synthesizing the teachings of Heraclitus and Timon of Phlius with philosophical skepticism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aenesidemus has received more than 118,301 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Aenesidemus is the 341st most popular philosopher (down from 317th in 2019), the 192nd most popular biography from Greece (down from 185th in 2019) and the 30th most popular Greek Philosopher.

Aenesidemus is most famous for his attack on the Stoic doctrine of universal determinism. He argued that the Stoics were wrong to say that all things happen according to fate, and that they were also wrong to say that all events have a cause.

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Among philosophers, Aenesidemus ranks 341 out of 1,267Before him are Elena Cornaro Piscopia, A. S. Neill, Lev Shestov, Anne Sullivan, David Strauss, and Guan Zhong. After him are Francisco de Vitoria, Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi, Uriel da Costa, Richard Rorty, Hipparchia of Maroneia, and Gaius Musonius Rufus.

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Among people born in 80 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 4Before him are Vercingetorix, Valmiki, and Sosigenes of Alexandria. After him are Gnaeus Pompeius, and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. Among people deceased in 10 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 2Before him is Joachim.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 192 out of 1,024Before him are Thrasybulus (-440), Karolos Papoulias (1929), Herodes Atticus (101), Leochares (-400), Nearchus (-356), and Theopompus (-400). After him are Hipparchia of Maroneia (-350), Odysseas Elytis (1911), Erasistratus (-303), Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark (1914), Exekias (-501), and Berenice I of Egypt (-340).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 30Before him are Panaetius (-185), Epimenides (-690), Pherecydes of Syros (-580), Euclid of Megara (-435), Cleobulus (-590), and Crates of Thebes (-365). After him are Hipparchia of Maroneia (-350), Stilpo (-359), Plutarch of Athens (350), Archelaus (-500), Timon of Phlius (-320), and Phaedo of Elis (-401).