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Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

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Adam Smith (baptized 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1723 – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist and philosopher who was a pioneer in the thinking of political economy and key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. Seen by some as "The Father of Economics" or "The Father of Capitalism", he wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, often abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work that treats economics as a comprehensive system and as an academic discipline. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Adam Smith has received more than 8,434,083 page views. His biography is available in 150 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 148 in 2019). Adam Smith is the most popular economist (up from 2nd in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 5th in 2019) and the most popular British Economist.

Adam Smith is most famous for his book "The Wealth of Nations" which was published in 1776. In this book, Smith argues that the pursuit of self-interest leads to the betterment of society.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 91.46

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 150

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 24.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among economists, Adam Smith ranks 1 out of 315After him are Karl Marx, John Maynard Keynes, David Ricardo, Thomas Robert Malthus, John Stuart Mill, Milton Friedman, Friedrich Hayek, Vilfredo Pareto, Joseph Schumpeter, François Quesnay, and Alfred Marshall.

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Among people born in 1723, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are Baron d'Holbach, Frederick V of Denmark, Joshua Reynolds, Carl Friedrich Abel, Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Adam Ferguson, Anna Amalia, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Johann Bernhard Basedow, Jean-François Marmontel, Prithvi Narayan Shah, and Nicole-Reine Lepaute. Among people deceased in 1790, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are Benjamin Franklin, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, Johann Bernhard Basedow, András Hadik, Mohammed ben Abdallah, Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha, and Jacob Christian Schäffer.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Adam Smith ranks 2 out of 7,765Before him are Isaac Newton (1643). After him are William Shakespeare (1564), Charles Darwin (1809), Elizabeth II (1926), John Locke (1632), Francis Bacon (1561), Elizabeth I of England (1533), Winston Churchill (1874), Charlie Chaplin (1889), Stephen Hawking (1942), and James Watt (1736).

Among ECONOMISTS In United Kingdom

Among economists born in United Kingdom, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are John Maynard Keynes (1883), David Ricardo (1772), Thomas Robert Malthus (1766), John Stuart Mill (1806), Alfred Marshall (1842), John Law (1671), William Petty (1623), Ronald Coase (1910), Benjamin Graham (1894), John Hicks (1904), and William Stanley Jevons (1835).