Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

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Adam Smith (baptized 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1723 – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist and philosopher who was a pioneer of political economy and key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. Also known as ''The Father of Economics'' or ''The Father of Capitalism'', he wrote two classic works, The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, often abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Adam Smith has received more than 7,570,397 page views. His biography is available in 148 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 142 in 2019). Adam Smith is the 2nd most popular economist, the 5th most popular biography from United Kingdom and the most popular British Economist.

Adam Smith is most famous for his book "The Wealth of Nations" which was published in 1776. In this book, Smith argues that the pursuit of self-interest leads to the betterment of society.

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Among economists, Adam Smith ranks 2 out of 315Before him are Karl Marx. After him are John Maynard Keynes, Thomas Robert Malthus, John Stuart Mill, David Ricardo, Milton Friedman, Friedrich Hayek, Vilfredo Pareto, Joseph Schumpeter, Alfred Marshall, and François Quesnay.

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Among people born in 1723, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are Baron d'Holbach, Frederick V of Denmark, Joshua Reynolds, Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Carl Friedrich Abel, Adam Ferguson, Mathurin Jacques Brisson, Anna Amalia, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Johann Bernhard Basedow, Jean-François Marmontel, and Tobias Mayer. Among people deceased in 1790, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are Benjamin Franklin, Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Johann Bernhard Basedow, Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, András Hadik, William Cullen, Mohammed ben Abdallah, and Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Adam Smith ranks 5 out of 6,924Before him are Isaac Newton (1643), William Shakespeare (1564), Charles Darwin (1809), and Elizabeth II (1926). After him are Elizabeth I of England (1533), Charlie Chaplin (1889), John Locke (1632), Francis Bacon (1561), Winston Churchill (1874), James Watt (1736), and Stephen Hawking (1942).

Among ECONOMISTS In United Kingdom

Among economists born in United Kingdom, Adam Smith ranks 1After him are John Maynard Keynes (1883), Thomas Robert Malthus (1766), John Stuart Mill (1806), David Ricardo (1772), Alfred Marshall (1842), John Law (1671), William Petty (1623), Ronald Coase (1910), John Hicks (1904), Benjamin Graham (1894), and William Stanley Jevons (1835).