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With 414 biographies, Economists are the 42nd most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Chess Players, Inventors, and Handball Players.


Pantheon has 414 people classified as economists born between 1021 and 1978. Of these 414, 166 (40.10%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living economists include Klaus Schwab, Mario Draghi, and Amartya Sen. The most famous deceased economists include Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes. As of April 2024, 39 new economists have been added to Pantheon including Carlo M. Cipolla, Douglas Diamond, and Robert Torrens.

Living Economists

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Deceased Economists

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Newly Added Economists (2024)

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Most economists were born in United States (132), United Kingdom (47), and Germany (37). By city, the most common birth places were New York City (21), London (12), and Chicago (7).The most common death places of economists were United States (92), United Kingdom (42), and France (24). By city, these were New York City (16), Cambridge (10), and Paris (10).

Places Over Time

The earliest biographies classified as economists in Pantheon are Martín de Azpilcueta, Benedetto Cotrugli, and Wang Anshi.  The concentration of economists was largest during the Radio & Film Era, which lasted from 1900 to 1949. Some birth or death locations for earlier economists are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.


Which Economists were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Economists since 1700.