Isaac Newton

1643 - 1726

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Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, theologian, and author (described in his time as a "natural philosopher") widely recognised as one of the greatest mathematicians and physicists of all time and among the most influential scientists. He was a key figure in the philosophical revolution known as the Enlightenment. His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), first published in 1687, established classical mechanics. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Isaac Newton has received more than 23,873,441 page views. His biography is available in 215 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 210 in 2019). Isaac Newton is the most popular physicist, the most popular biography from United Kingdom and the most popular British Physicist.

Isaac Newton is most famous for his three laws of motion, which he formulated in 1687. The first law states that every object will remain at rest or in uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force. The second law states that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass. The third law states that when one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body.

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Among physicists, Isaac Newton ranks 1 out of 721After him are Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Stephen Hawking, Michael Faraday, Wilhelm Röntgen, Max Planck, Alessandro Volta, Niels Bohr, James Prescott Joule, André-Marie Ampère, and Ernest Rutherford.

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Among people born in 1643, Isaac Newton ranks 1After him are Ahmed II, Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, Afonso VI of Portugal, Alessandro Stradella, Mary of Jesus de León y Delgado, Henri Jules, Prince of Condé, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Jean-Baptiste Denys, Johann Adam Reincken, Jean Chardin, and Fran Krsto Frankopan. Among people deceased in 1726, Isaac Newton ranks 1After him are Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, Sophia Dorothea of Celle, Sultan Husayn, Michel Richard Delalande, Domenico Zipoli, Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin, John Vanbrugh, Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau, Margravine Johanna of Baden-Baden, and Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Isaac Newton ranks 1 out of 6,924After him are William Shakespeare (1564), Charles Darwin (1809), Elizabeth II (1926), Adam Smith (1723), Elizabeth I of England (1533), Charlie Chaplin (1889), John Locke (1632), Francis Bacon (1561), Winston Churchill (1874), James Watt (1736), and Stephen Hawking (1942).

Among PHYSICISTS In United Kingdom

Among physicists born in United Kingdom, Isaac Newton ranks 1After him are Stephen Hawking (1942), Michael Faraday (1791), James Prescott Joule (1818), James Clerk Maxwell (1831), Robert Hooke (1635), J. J. Thomson (1856), Paul Dirac (1902), William Gilbert (1544), James Chadwick (1891), William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824), and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (1869).