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Virginia Apgar

1909 - 1974

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Virginia Apgar (June 7, 1909 – August 7, 1974) was an American physician, obstetrical anesthesiologist and medical researcher, best known as the inventor of the Apgar score, a way to quickly assess the health of a newborn child immediately after birth in order to combat infant mortality. In 1952, she developed the 10-point Apgar score to assist physicians and nurses in assessing the status of newborns. Given at one minute and five minutes after birth, the Apgar test measures a child's breathing, skin color, reflexes, motion, and heart rate. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Virginia Apgar has received more than 1,659,150 page views. Her biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Virginia Apgar is the 121st most popular physician (up from 147th in 2019), the 972nd most popular biography from United States (up from 1,221st in 2019) and the 11th most popular American Physician.

Virginia Apgar was a doctor who developed the Apgar score, a scale for measuring the health of newborns. The Apgar score is used to assess the baby's health in the first few minutes after birth.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 44

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.17

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.88

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Virginia Apgars by language


Among physicians, Virginia Apgar ranks 121 out of 502Before her are Herta Oberheuser, Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Harvey J. Alter, Jean Dausset, John Eccles, and Franz Joseph Gall. After her are Albert Sabin, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Johannes Peter Müller, Niels Kaj Jerne, Santorio Santorio, and Albrecht von Haller.

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Among people born in 1909, Virginia Apgar ranks 30Before her are Carmen Miranda, Miep Gies, John Fante, Marinus van der Lubbe, Magda Schneider, and Souphanouvong. After her are Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Jessica Tandy, Aleksandar Ranković, Leo Fender, Stanislaw Ulam, and Ernst vom Rath. Among people deceased in 1974, Virginia Apgar ranks 27Before her are Jacob L. Moreno, Julius Evola, Peng Dehuai, Fritz Zwicky, Louis Kahn, and Satyendra Nath Bose. After her are Walter Lippmann, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Zalman Shazar, Nikolai Kuznetsov, Hilda Gadea, and Marcel Pagnol.

Others Born in 1909

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Others Deceased in 1974

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Virginia Apgar ranks 972 out of 18,182Before her are Judith Butler (1956), Joel Schumacher (1939), Jeffrey Dahmer (1960), Richard E. Byrd (1888), Peggy Guggenheim (1898), and Susan B. Anthony (1820). After her are Thomas Pynchon (1937), Sam Shepard (1943), James Horner (1953), Gena Rowlands (1930), Barbara Bush (1925), and Paul Berg (1926).

Among PHYSICIANS In United States

Among physicians born in United States, Virginia Apgar ranks 11Before her are Stanley Cohen (1922), Frederick Chapman Robbins (1916), George Minot (1885), Ferid Murad (1936), Francis Peyton Rous (1879), and Harvey J. Alter (1935). After her are Joseph Murray (1919), Robin Cook (1940), Haldan Keffer Hartline (1903), Louis Ignarro (1941), Baruch Samuel Blumberg (1925), and George H. Hitchings (1905).